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KTDA Small Hydro Programme of Activities


The Kenya Tea Development Agency Holdings Limited (KTDA) is the single largest producer and exporter of tea in Kenya, accounting for 28 percent of Kenya’s export earnings, and is also the second largest exporter of black tea in the world. KTDA, in collaboration with a number of tea factories under its management, is planning the implementation of several small-scale (≤15 MW) run of the river hydropower projects at various locations in Kenya to provide a reliable and clean source of electricity to the tea factories and to the Kenyan national electricity grid. KTDA has established the KTDA Power Company (KTPC) as a wholly owned subsidiary of KTDA to manage the implementation of the proposed schemes. KTPC will be the coordinating/managing entity (CME) and will be responsible for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Programme of Activities (PoA).

The Gura small hydropower project is the first of the Component Project Activities (CPAs) under KTDA Small Hydro PoA. Currently, the tea factories receive electricity from the national grid through KPLC. UNDP MDG Carbon supported the development of the PoA.


The Gura Power Company Limited (GPCL) is owned by four tea factories in the Aberdare mountain region of Kenya, specifically the Iriaini, Chinga, Gathuthi and Gitugi tea factories. GPCL is proposing to implement a run-of-the-river hydropower plant with an installed capacity of 5 MW located along Gura River that will generate and supply electricity to the tea factories and the regional electricity grid in the Othaya division, Nyeri District, Central Province, which is about 220 kilometres from Nairobi. The project will cover an area of about 5 hectares and have a water canal about 6,400 meters long, of which 2 kilometres will be through gazetted forest and the rest through tea farms. It will have a non-storage run-of-the-river diversion structure with pelton turbines and will be connected to the national grid through a dedicated 11kV line. The powerhouse will be located close to the village of Munyange.


The project will use the flow of water in the existing river to generate electricity. In the absence of the proposed project’s activity, the electricity generation potential in the flowing water would remain unused and similar amounts of electricity would be generated in the fossil fuel-based power plants connected to the grid. Thus, the project will lead to emission reductions and help combat global climate change.

The project will lead to employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled workers in the local community during the construction stage, which will provide an alternative means of and an increase in income. By providing employment in the construction as well as operation phase of the project, it will contribute to poverty reduction by empowering the local population. Further, the project will generate demand for various kinds of related services, which will help provide employment on a regular and permanent basis. Moreover, increased electricity generation will assist in promoting the development of sustainable commercial activities in rural areas. The project will also enhance sustainable development of the area by promoting local investment and an improved business environment, thereby improving the local economy.

KTDA Small Hydro Programme of Activities
Crediting Period (per CPA)
7 years
Estimated Emission Reductions over the crediting period for the first CPA - Gura Small Hydro Power Project
170,135 tonnes CO2e
Lead Partner
The KTDA Power Company
UNFCCC PoA 6606 web page >