Costa Rica: The National Platform for Responsible Production and Trade of Pineapple
Costa Rica accounts for 35% of the world’s pineapple production, a proportion that has been steadily growing in the past years. This rapid expansion has provoked a global controversy around the environmental and social impact of this commodity in the country. Deforestation, agrochemical run off into water sources, high levels of soil erosion and violations of trade union rights are some of the issues that led to an escalating conflict between producers and exporters and damaged the reputation of Costa Rica as a responsible pineapple producing country.
The National Platform for the Responsible Production and Trade of Pineapple in Costa Rica was launched in June 2011 to establish a multi-stakeholder and inter-institutional dialogue to improve social and environmental practices of the sector. The Platform connects three main themes, which provide the basis of all platform activity and discussions: sustainable production, responsibility and action of the state and alliances with the pineapple supply chain actors. Facilitated by GCP, the Platform is driven by the Ministries of Agriculture and Environment and brings together over 50 stakeholders including: large and small producers, many of them organized in the chamber of the pineapple exporters, CANAPEP; buyers, including Dole, Chiquita, Del Monte, Tesco and Walmart; research institutions, NGOs and local grass-root groups in the production areas.
Following a two-year multi-stakeholder dialogue related to identifying potential solutions in reducing externalities associated with pineapple production, the National Platform has produced a final version of the Action Plan for Strengthening Responsible Production and Trade of Pineapple 2013-2017. The Plan presents 12 lines of action to be implemented in the coming five years. GCP is now working towards the endorsement of the Action Plan by all private companies and the monitoring of its implementation. This National Platform also serves as a model to be replicated in other countries for target commodities. Thus, GCP is fostering south-south cooperation by organizing meetings with governments willing to implement similar dialogue process in their countries. In this context, Ethiopian Ministers of Commerce visited Costa Rican pineapple plantations in January 2014 as a premise to the launch of the Ethiopian coffee platform.
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- More than 900 technical staff and representatives from over 50 organizations participate in the National Platform, its six working groups and four plenary sessions
- All the major buyers in the sector have taken part in the discussions, including Dole, Del Monte, Chiquita, Tesco and Walmart
- The Platform has mobilized over 2 million USD to ensure implementation of the Action Plan for 2013-2017
- Pineapple Platform official website