UNDP’s assistance to developing countries that contributes to the design and implementation of Green LECRDS encompasses a number of new and ongoing national and sub-national strategic initiatives. UNDP has been supporting the National Communications to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 140 countries over the past decade. Since 2009, UNDP’s Down to Earth: Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) project has enabled sub-national and local governments to better identify regulatory and public financing instruments that will attract catalytic financial flows toward green, low-emission and climate-resilient development. Most recently, UNDP has launched the Climate Change Capacity Building Programme to support national strategies in 15 countries, with funding from the European Union and the German government.
National Communications to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The National Communication (NCs) to the UNFCCC are a strategic entry point for many initiatives at the country level, including the development of Green LECRDS. The NCs contain valuable information that can serve as the basis for identifying priorities at the country level and provide technical inputs for the design of Green LECRDS. In this context, the NCs offer:
- Comprehensive greenhouse gas emissions inventories following Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) methodologies, which can help to prioritize efforts to address GHG emissions at the country level
- Mitigation analysis at the sectoral level, which in many cases includes baseline and mitigation scenarios within different timeframes that are essential for the design of Green LECRDS
- Vulnerability and adaptation assessments across a wide range of sectors, including information on climate scenarios and adaption options for climate-resilient development.
- Identification of linkages between climate change and development priorities at the country level
- Multi-stakeholder, political coordination process that can support institutional coordination for Green LECRDS
- Avenue for capacity building on climate change that can strengthen technical and institutional capacity for Green LECRDS
- Entry point for project formulation on climate change mitigation and adaptation
NCs are becoming even more relevant under the UNFCCC given the potential linkages with reporting mechanisms for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), periodic reporting of GHG inventories, and Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV).
For further information on UNDP’s work on NCs, please visit the following links in the Links section on the right.
Sub-national Development of Green LECRDS
Most investments to reduce GHG emissions and adapt to climate change – 50 to 80 percent for mitigation and up to 100 percent for adaptation – take place at the sub-national and local levels. Developing the capacity of sub-national governments in low income countries to create conditions that reduce perceived investment risks and access new sources of environmental finance for addressing climate change is a key priority. Recognizing the need for comprehensive climate strategies to catalyze finance, UNDP, through its Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) Facility and Down to Earth: TACC project, assists sub-national governments in developing countries to prepare Green LECRDS in line with their overall development plans. UNDP assists with charting a development trajectory resilient to a range of possible future climate outcomes and redirecting major public and private investment flows towards low-emission development.
Projects supported by the Down to Earth: TACC project and TACC Facility are currently operational in Colombia, Senegal, Uganda and Uruguay; and will soon be launched in Nigeria, Peru and the United Arab Emirates.
Down to Earth: Territorial Approach to Climate Change: TACC is part of a partnership between the United Nations and sub-national governments for fostering climate friendly development at the sub-national level. This partnership is a collaborative effort involving UNDP, UNEP and eight associations of regions. (Click the link to view TACC 2011 Update).
With funding from the European Union and German government, the Low Emission Capacity Building Programme is another key element of UNDP's support to countries for developing Green LECRDS. The programme supports the following low emission climate change actions in 15 countries:
- National systems for preparation of greenhouse gas emission inventories
- NAMAs and Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) in the context of national development priorities
- MRV systems to support implementation and follow up of NAMAs and LEDS
- Mitigation actions in selected private sectors, including MRV systems to support their implementation
The Programme’s Global Support Component will make available appropriate tools and training based on country needs; provide targeted technical backstopping to national teams; and disseminate knowledge products and lessons learned to engage stakeholders and inform decision-makers. Through this Programme, UNDP is assisting countries to effectively link Green LECRDS preparation with existing national development priorities and processes; identify innovative policy and financing options for low-emission development; and facilitate partnerships between public and private sectors.