UNDP-Supported Projects that Contribute to Green LECRDS


UNDP has decades of successful project development and implementation expertise in adaptation, mitigation, national/sub-national strategies, and capacity development, which can be leveraged in assisting developing countries to prepare and implement green, low-emission and climate-resilient development strategies (Green LECRDS).  Our experience demonstrates that the most cost effective climate change investments and initiatives are those that provide multiple development benefits along with adaptation and mitigation, including job creation, sustainable livelihoods, and greater access rights to energy and environmental services.

UNDP’s support builds upon and coordinates with existing development strategies, projects and programmes.  UNDP also recognizes that new and innovative programmatic approaches are necessary to leverage existing experiences and place them into a comprehensive policy framework to support developing country governments in integrating climate change and development planning, policies, and action across multiple sectors and national/regional/local levels.

UNDP’s on-the-ground experience includes assistance to countries to access various sources of finance for initiatives that contribute to the development of Green LECRDS.  UNDP’s support to countries is addressed through the following three Signature Programmes:

(1)     Supporting Integrated Climate Change Strategies

Supports national and sub-national governments (with focus on Ministries of Finance and planning bodies) to develop and strengthen policies, institutions, capacities and knowledge for integrated Green LECRD, and to make use of the full range of public and private financing mechanisms to support Green LECRD investment.

Examples:

  • Over 100 countries are preparing their Second National Communications (SNC), with financing from the GEF Trust Fund.  Approximately 40% of these countries have already submitted their SNC to the UNFCCC and 30% are now preparing their Third NC with the support of UNDP. For more information, please visit the National Communications Support Programme (NCSP) website.
  • The Low-Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECB) currently covers nearly 30 countries, with a US$28m contribution from the European Commission, Government of Germany (BMU), and Government of Australia (DCCEE/AusAID).  The overall objectives of the LECB Programme are: (i) develop national GHG inventory systems; (ii) identify and formulate Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs); (iii) Prepare Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS); (iv) Facilitate the design and adoption of mitigation action plans; (v) Design systems for the measuring, reporting, and verification (MRV) of proposed mitigation actions.

  • The Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) Facility and Down to Earth: TACC project, develops the capacity of sub-national governments in low income countries to create conditions that reduce perceived investment risks and access new sources of environmental finance for addressing climate change, and prepare Green LECRDS in line with overall development plans.  Projects supported by the Down to Earth: TACC project and TACC Facility are currently operational in Colombia, Peru, Senegal, Uganda and Uruguay; and will soon be launched in Nigeria.

  • The LDCF-financed project, “Promoting autonomous adaptation at the community level in Ethiopia”, supports Ethiopia’s National Climate Resilient Green Growth Strategy, by contributing to the development of territorial climate resilient plans at the sub-national level and supporting the application of climate risk reducing techniques and practices in selected rural and urban sites.  The project encourages integrated analysis and cross-sectoral planning across sectors affected by climate change. It will seek to develop a series of adaptation packages and integrated climate resilient development plans that will be costed and used as a tool to catalyse further investment to a broader up scaled set of interventions.

(2)     Advancing Cross-sectoral Climate Resilient Livelihoods

Supports climate resilient economic development and sustainable livelihoods, especially for vulnerable populations – the poor, women, and indigenous peoples. UNDP provides assistance to country-led efforts on climate change risk management in the context  of food security, water resources, coastal zone development, public health, and climate change-related disaster risks.

Examples:

  • Under this signature programme, more than 50 countries have secured approximately US$250 million of grant financing from the GEF Trust Fund, Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), and Adaptation Fund (AF) to develop and implement over 60 adaptation initiatives.  In addition, UNDP helped secure US$20m in adaptation co-financing from the Government of Germany (BMU) and Government of Australia (AusAID) for ongoing adaptation projects in Mali, Grenada, and fourteen countries in the Pacific. Please visit the Adaptation page for additional information and also the UNDP Adaptation Learning Mechanism (UNDP-ALM) platform.

(3)     Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems for Climate Resilient Development

Supports the development of climate information and Early Warning Systems (EWS) across a range of countries in Africa, Asia and the Pacific in order to help them respond to both short-term/rapid onset climatic hazards (e.g. cyclones, floods and storms), as well as long-term/slow onset hazards (e.g. drought and long-term climate change). Initiatives under this Signature Programme aim to generate effective EWS by integrating the following four main elements:

i.     Risk knowledge: Systematically collecting data and undertaking risk assessments.

ii.     Monitoring and predicting: Developing hazard monitoring and early warning services, including the deployment of weather and hydrological monitoring equipment, improving forecast capabilities and the use of these technologies and information within agricultural advisories, flood risk monitoring and supply chain management.

iii.     Disseminating information: Communicating risk information and reliable warnings to potentially affected locations (e.g. via radio, mobile phones, etc.).  

iv.     Responding to warnings: Building national and community response capabilities to act effectively when warnings are received. 

Examples:

  • In 2012, 11 countries across Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Gambia, Liberia, Malawi, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia), embarked on a programme to strengthen their EWS, including the installation of new observing infrastructure where necessary and capacity building to use and maintain the weather stations and recorded data.  Please visit the Early Warning Systems in Africa blog for more information.

Please click here for a map showing UNDP-supported initiatives around the world which contribute to the development of Green LECRDS.

The table below also summarizes this information.

Country Nat'l. Comms.* NAPA Green LECRDS NAMAs
Africa
Benin  
Botswana      
Burkina Faso  
Burundi    
Cape Verde  
Central African Republic      
Chad    
Comoros      
Congo      
Democratic Republic of Congo  
Eritrea  
Ethiopia    
Gabon      
Gambia      
Ghana    
Guinea    
Guinea Bissau  
Kenya    
Liberia      
Malawi    
Mali  
Mauritania      
Mauritius      
Mozambique    
Namibia    
Niger  
Nigeria    
Rwanda      
Sao Tome and Principe      
Senegal      
Seychelles      
Sierra Leone  
South Africa      
Tanzania      
Togo    
Uganda    
Zambia
Zimbabwe      
Arab States
Algeria      
Egypt  
Jordan    
Lebanon      
Morocco  
Oman      
Saudi Arabia      
Sudan    
Syria      
Tunisia      
Yemen      
Asia
Bangladesh  
Bhutan  
Cambodia  
China  
India    
Indonesia    
Iran      
Lao  
Malaysia      
Maldives    
Mongolia      
Myanmar      
Nepal    
Pakistan      
Philippines  
Sri Lanka    
Thailand    
Vietnam      
Europe & CIS
Albania    
Armenia    
Azerbaijan    
Bosnia and Herzegovina      
Georgia    
Hungary      
Kazakhstan    
Kyrgyzstan      
Macedonia      
Malta      
Montenegro      
Serbia      
Tajikistan    
Turkey      
Turkmenistan      
Uzbekistan      
Latin America and Caribbean
Antigua and Barbuda      
Argentina    
Bahamas      
Barbados    
Belize      
Bolivia    
Brazil    
Chile  
Colombia  
Costa Rica      
Cuba      
Dominica      
Dominican Republic      
Ecuador  
El Salvador    
Grenada      
Guatemala    
Guyana      
Haiti      
Honduras    
Jamaica    
Mexico  
Nicaragua    
Panama      
Paraguay      
Peru  
Saint Kitts and Nevis      
Saint Lucia      
Saint Vincent and Grenadines      
Suriname      
Trinidad and Tobago      
Uruguay    
Venezuela      
Pacific
Cook Islands    
Fiji      
Kiribati    
Marshall Islands    
Micronesia    
Nauru    
Niue      
Palau      
Papua New Guinea    
Samoa  
Solomon Islands  
Timor Leste  
Tonga    
Tuvalu  
Vanuatu