UNDP-Supported Projects that Contribute to Green LECRDS
UNDP has decades of successful project development and implementation expertise in adaptation, mitigation, national/sub-national strategies, and capacity development, which can be leveraged in assisting developing countries to prepare and implement green, low-emission and climate-resilient development strategies (Green LECRDS). Our experience demonstrates that the most cost effective climate change investments and initiatives are those that provide multiple development benefits along with adaptation and mitigation, including job creation, sustainable livelihoods, and greater access rights to energy and environmental services.
UNDP’s support builds upon and coordinates with existing development strategies, projects and programmes. UNDP also recognizes that new and innovative programmatic approaches are necessary to leverage existing experiences and place them into a comprehensive policy framework to support developing country governments in integrating climate change and development planning, policies, and action across multiple sectors and national/regional/local levels.
UNDP’s on-the-ground experience includes assistance to countries to access various sources of finance for initiatives that contribute to the development of Green LECRDS. UNDP’s support to countries is addressed through the following three Signature Programmes:
Supports national and sub-national governments (with focus on Ministries of Finance and planning bodies) to develop and strengthen policies, institutions, capacities and knowledge for integrated Green LECRD, and to make use of the full range of public and private financing mechanisms to support Green LECRD investment.
- Over 100 countries are preparing their Second National Communications (SNC), with financing from the GEF Trust Fund. Approximately 40% of these countries have already submitted their SNC to the UNFCCC and 30% are now preparing their Third NC with the support of UNDP. For more information, please visit the National Communications Support Programme (NCSP) website.
- 31 countries have prepared and submitted their National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to the UNFCCC, with financing from the LDCF. Two additional countries have begun the NAPA process in 2012.
- The Low-Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECB) currently covers nearly 30 countries, with a US$28m contribution from the European Commission, Government of Germany (BMU), and Government of Australia (DCCEE/AusAID). The overall objectives of the LECB Programme are: (i) develop national GHG inventory systems; (ii) identify and formulate Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs); (iii) Prepare Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS); (iv) Facilitate the design and adoption of mitigation action plans; (v) Design systems for the measuring, reporting, and verification (MRV) of proposed mitigation actions.
- The Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) Facility and Down to Earth: TACC project, develops the capacity of sub-national governments in low income countries to create conditions that reduce perceived investment risks and access new sources of environmental finance for addressing climate change, and prepare Green LECRDS in line with overall development plans. Projects supported by the Down to Earth: TACC project and TACC Facility are currently operational in Colombia, Peru, Senegal, Uganda and Uruguay; and will soon be launched in Nigeria.
- The LDCF-financed project, “Promoting autonomous adaptation at the community level in Ethiopia”, supports Ethiopia’s National Climate Resilient Green Growth Strategy, by contributing to the development of territorial climate resilient plans at the sub-national level and supporting the application of climate risk reducing techniques and practices in selected rural and urban sites. The project encourages integrated analysis and cross-sectoral planning across sectors affected by climate change. It will seek to develop a series of adaptation packages and integrated climate resilient development plans that will be costed and used as a tool to catalyse further investment to a broader up scaled set of interventions.
Supports climate resilient economic development and sustainable livelihoods, especially for vulnerable populations – the poor, women, and indigenous peoples. UNDP provides assistance to country-led efforts on climate change risk management in the context of food security, water resources, coastal zone development, public health, and climate change-related disaster risks.
- Under this signature programme, more than 50 countries have secured approximately US$250 million of grant financing from the GEF Trust Fund, Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), and Adaptation Fund (AF) to develop and implement over 60 adaptation initiatives. In addition, UNDP helped secure US$20m in adaptation co-financing from the Government of Germany (BMU) and Government of Australia (AusAID) for ongoing adaptation projects in Mali, Grenada, and fourteen countries in the Pacific. Please visit the Adaptation page for additional information and also the UNDP Adaptation Learning Mechanism (UNDP-ALM) platform.
(3) Strengthening Climate Information and Early Warning Systems for Climate Resilient Development
Supports the development of climate information and Early Warning Systems (EWS) across a range of countries in Africa, Asia and the Pacific in order to help them respond to both short-term/rapid onset climatic hazards (e.g. cyclones, floods and storms), as well as long-term/slow onset hazards (e.g. drought and long-term climate change). Initiatives under this Signature Programme aim to generate effective EWS by integrating the following four main elements:
i. Risk knowledge: Systematically collecting data and undertaking risk assessments.
ii. Monitoring and predicting: Developing hazard monitoring and early warning services, including the deployment of weather and hydrological monitoring equipment, improving forecast capabilities and the use of these technologies and information within agricultural advisories, flood risk monitoring and supply chain management.
iii. Disseminating information: Communicating risk information and reliable warnings to potentially affected locations (e.g. via radio, mobile phones, etc.).
iv. Responding to warnings: Building national and community response capabilities to act effectively when warnings are received.
- In 2012, 11 countries across Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Gambia, Liberia, Malawi, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia), embarked on a programme to strengthen their EWS, including the installation of new observing infrastructure where necessary and capacity building to use and maintain the weather stations and recorded data. Please visit the Early Warning Systems in Africa blog for more information.
The table below also summarizes this information.
|Country||Nat'l. Comms.*||NAPA||Green LECRDS||NAMAs|
|Central African Republic||•|
|Democratic Republic of Congo||•||•||•|
|Sao Tome and Principe||•|
|Europe & CIS|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||•|
|Latin America and Caribbean|
|Antigua and Barbuda||•|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||•|
|Saint Vincent and Grenadines||•|
|Trinidad and Tobago||•|
|Papua New Guinea||•||•|