Focus Areas

Water and Ocean Governance

Through the earth’s water cycle, the planet’s freshwater and oceans are inextricably linked. These very close linkages and the tremendous socio-economic benefits provided by the earth’s freshwater and marine systems underscore the need to take adaptive, integrated, ecosystem-based approaches to the management of freshwater and ocean resources through promoting more effective governance. Through a coordinated portfolio of programmes and projects, UNDP’s Water and Ocean Governance Programmes apply such approaches at local, national, global and regional levels. more

Sustainable Energy

Energy is central to sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts. It affects all aspects of development -- social, economic, and environmental -- including livelihoods, access to water, agricultural productivity, health, population levels, education, and gender-related issues. more

Ecosystems and Biodiversity

The sustainable management of biodiversity and ecosystem services is essential for achieving the MDGs and combating poverty. The objective of UNDP’s biodiversity work is to maintain and enhance the services provided by natural ecosystems to secure livelihoods, food, water and health; reduce vulnerability to climate change; sequester carbon; and avoid greenhouse gas emissions. more

Sustainable Land Management

About half of all dryland inhabitants - one billion people - are poor and marginalized as they depend directly upon a highly variable natural resource base for their livelihoods. UNDP’s Drylands Development Centre (DDC) is dedicated to fighting poverty and achieving sustainable development in the drier regions of the world. It adopts an Integrated Drylands Development Programme (IDDP) to help to meet challenges faced by dryland populations in a holistic and strategic manner. more

Ozone and Climate

Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) pose significant threats to human health and also disturb the ecological balance of watersheds, agricultural lands and forests. UNDP works to promote and instill the principles of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer. UNDP assists developing countries and countries with economies in transition to comply with Montreal Protocol targets, such as the Phase-out of HCFCs while fostering the introduction of ozone and climate friendly alternatives and proper disposal of ODS Banks more

Chemicals and Waste

Chemical substances as well as wastes have the potential to pose significant risks to human health and the environment, with the poorest members of the global community, particularly women and children, most vulnerable to their negative effects. UNDP promotes the Sound Management of Chemicals (SMC) and Waste targeting unsustainable management approaches and unsustainable consumption and production patterns. more

Climate Strategies

The impacts of climate change undermine development efforts and affect the poor in particular. UNDP offers assistance to developing country national and sub-national governments to prepare green, low-emission and climate-resilient development strategies (Green LECRDS). The formulation and implementation of Green LECRDS will allow developing countries to respond more effectively to climate change and will help guide conventional and innovative sources of sustainable development and climate financing, and assist sub-national and national governments in implementing, monitoring, and catalyzing low-emission and climate-resilient development projects and programmes. more