How We Work
Support to UNCAC implementation and review
The rapid ratification of the UN Convention against Corruption by state parties has led to a high demand for technical support in UNCAC Implementation. UNDP and UNODC support countries to conduct UNCAC gap analysis to identify gaps between the UNCAC provisions and existing anti-corruption legislative frameworks at the country level. This gap analysis is the first step in anti-corruption policy reform and in strengthening implementation of anti-corruption mechanism.
UNDP in collaboration with UNODC, GTZ, the Basel Institute on Governance and the Institute of Governance Studies in Bangladesh, developed a guidance note on UNCAC self-assessments, entitled Going Beyond the Minimum. This guidance note provides a methodology for UNCAC self-assessments by drawing upon the comprehensive self-assessment checklist and encouraging broad national stakeholder consultations in order to promote national anti-corruption reform and prepare the country for review under the Review Mechanism. Building on this guidance note and as a part of its contribution to UNCAC review mechanism, UNDP conducts training events on UNCAC review mechanism with UNODC.
Reducing corruption to achieve MDGs
Corruption is a major bottleneck in the achievement of the MDGs as it diverts resources allocated for activities that are vital for poverty eradication and sustainable development for private gain. UNDP’s efforts to reduce corruption to achieve MDGs can be divided into five main areas:
a. Addressing corruption in sectors: UNDP is supporting mainstreaming of anti-corruption in sectors particularly in Education, Health and Water sectors. UNDP has conducted a mapping of Methodologies, Tools and Good Practices in assessing corruption risks in Education, Health and Water sectors.
b. Mainstreaming anti-corruption in MDG Acceleration Frameworks: UNDP’s MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF) enables governments and development partners - within established national processes - to identify and systematically address bottlenecks to achieving the MDGs. Within this framework, UNDP specifically supports integration of anti-corruption, transparency and accountability into national MDG action plans.
c. Social accountability and civic monitoring of public service delivery: As part of its efforts to promote inclusive participation of all citizens, UNDP supports citizens monitoring of service delivery at the local level. UNDP has developed useful methodologies and tools for citizens monitoring and is working with a number of civil society organizations to monitor development activities in different countries such as the Huduma platform in Kenya, Development Pacts in India, and others.
d. Gender and Anti-Corruption: Corruption disproportionately affects women. UNDP and UNWomen have jointly produced a primer, Corruption, Accountability and Gender: Understanding the Connection, which highlights the linkages between corruption and women’s empowerment. UNDP will continue to collect tools, methodologies, experiences, case studies that analyze and showcase how women’s empowerment can strengthen the fight against corruption. UNDP will focus on raising awareness and building capacities related to gender and corruption.
e. Illicit Financial Flows: Every year the developing world loses as much as US $1 trillion in illicit outflows through government corruption, criminal activity, and commercial tax evasion (Global Financial Integrity 2010). To highlight the development costs of illicit financial flows, UNDP has produced a discussion paper on Illicit Financial Flows from the Least Developed Countries. Based on the recommendations from the paper and ensuing discussions, UNDP will work towards identifying, engaging and reaching an agreement with countries that are committed to tackling illicit financial flows.
Tackling Corruption Risks in Climate Change
UNDP, one of the three agencies of the UN-REDD Programme, has identified mitigation of corruption risksin reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) as a priority. UNDP works to support UN-REDD partner countries to strengthen the capacities of national REDD+ institutions as well as that of anti-corruption agencies, local government authorities and civil society organizations. UNDP specifically focuses on supporting efforts to identify and prioritize corruption risks in the design, implementation and distribution of benefits from REDD+ and develop viable strategies to address corruption in a given context. UNDP has produced aflagship publication, Staying on Track: Tackling Corruption Risks inClimate Change toraise awareness and share knowledge on the subject.
Advocacy and Awareness Raising
UNDP and the UN Office of Drugs and Crime have been jointly commemorating the International Anti-Corruption Day on December 9th, since 2009, through global advocacy campaigns. The objective of these campaigns is to raise awareness about the costs of corruption and the role of UNCAC in combating and preventing corruption. The theme of the global campaign for the International Anti-Corruption Day in 2009 and 2010 was “Your No Counts”. In 2011, a new campaign, ACT- Against Corruption Today was launched.