Responding to conflict in the Central African Republic

Internally displaced persons in Bangui
Internally displaced persons in Bangui, Central African Republic. Photo: Evan Schneider, UN Photo

The sectarian violence in the Central African Republic has uprooted nearly one million people. It is estimated that 3 million, about half of the population, need urgent humanitarian assistance. 5,204 civilians have been killed since sectarian violence erupted after rebels overthrew the Government in March 2013. Continued violence has forced nearly 250,000 people out of their homes into the neighboring of Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Republic of the Congo. 557,000 people remain displaced within the country, of which 25% are in Bangui.

Highlights

  • 1 million displaced from their homes by fighting
  • 3 million in need of humanitarian aid
  • 96% of the population have had their livelihoods affected by the conflict
  • 9.5 million urgently requested to implement the Community Protection Programme

Persistent fighting; coming on the heels of repeated flooding and a year of insecurity; has destroyed infrastructure and basic services, dramatically increased food prices and accelerated the country’s economic decline. Productive assets and other property have been destroyed, while violence has forced farmers to abandon crops and has caused businesses to close, causing a severe food shortage which affects 1.6 million people.

Before the recent crisis erupted, 70 percent of the population lived below the poverty line and this number has now increased dramatically.

Urgent action is required to end the violence, restore peace, trust and confidence among communities, and support the governemnt in resuming services to put the country back on a more robust development path.

UNDP's approach

In parallel to supporting  local governance, security sector reform and the future electoral process, UNDP will help stabilize communities through a phased implementation of community security, livelihoods, social cohesion, and reconciliation initiatives.

In collaboration with donor countries and the United Nations, UNDP has already helped to draft a roadmap for the transition and will assist in its implementation. Ultimately, these efforts will pave the way for the organization of elections.

The approach will ensure that:

- Immediate early recovery support to communities avoids further displacement and deterioration of the humanitarian situation

- Key national partners are helped to eventually take the lead in security, recovery and long-term development

- National dialogue, inter-faith dialogue and reconciliation begins as soon as possible to rebuild peace and address the underlying cause of violence