Rule of law, justice and security in countries affected by crisis
When countries fail to establish justice, security, and the rule of law peace and stability are the first to suffer. A breakdown in the rule of law may slow the road to reintegration after a conflict, cause or exacerbate violence and tensions, and fuel criminality and insecurity. Only when societies are able to implement and abide by the rule of law, can they also achieve other critical milestones, such as inclusive and effective governance and the respect for human rights.
For 1.5 billion people around the world who live in places affected by conflict, violence or high levels of crime, re-establishing justice and security is critical for building peace. In 40 countries, UNDP helps re-establish the rule of law after conflicts or where it has broken down.
Dealing with the legacy of violence: To offer redress for past violence and human rights violations, UNDP provides advice and training to local and national leaders on establishing truth commissions, providing reparations to victims of conflict, and prosecuting conflict-related crimes.
Increasing safety and security for all: UNDP works with communities to discuss and analyze the causes of and possible solutions for the violence and insecurity they face. UNDP also helps curb the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, while ensuring that security actors in crisis situations are professional, accountable and respect human rights.
Building effective justice and security institutions: In crisis contexts, UNDP helps governments to rapidly restore justice and security services. In the long-term, this includes implementing measures for justice and security reform, including through training for justice sector professionals, such as judges and prosecutors, while helping citizens to understand their rights and access the justice system. UNDP supports mobile courts which resolve disputes in remote or rural communities that are often excluded from the traditional justice system.
Improving justice and security for women: To support and empower women in crisis contexts, UNDP helps improve overall justice and security, tackle impunity for sexual and gender-based violence, and increase women’s participation and leadership in justice and security institutions. UNDP also engages communities to prevent violence against women and supports legal frameworks that are inclusive and protect women's rights.
Sitting on the verandah of his home, Camilio dos Santos, the chief of the village of Galitas in East Timor reflects on how conflicts used to be resolved in Timor-Leste. “Before independence we relied only on traditional justice to resolve any disputes in communities. It is good that now we have our more
Um Mohammed broke the conservative tribal traditions of her community when she became one of Gaza strip’s first “Mukhtarah” – the female equivalent of Mukhtar, one who peacefully settles disputes without need to resort to formal judicial systems. “I once found myself having to intervene to resolve amore
Displaced due to conflict, 18-year old Manickarajah Sulochana, of Vavuniya in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka, migrated to India in 1990, just after getting married. She had three children in India, but when she returned to Sri Lanka in 2010, she didn’t have documentation for her children. “It wamore
In northern Niger, close to the border with Mali, unemployment is high and affects mainly young people, who have few opportunities to advance themselves. Without formal or vocational education opportunities, without money or things to do, these young people are at risk of being enrolled by armed gromore
Luz Dary Santiesteban stands by the Pacific Ocean in a small Colombian town. “If that sea could talk, it would tell us all about the victims,” she says, pointing to the water. “They all were made to disappear.” Santiesteban is one of thousands of people in the country whose relatives were murdered dmore
Projects and Initiatives
The armed conflict that raged in El Salvador from the late 1970s through the 1980s ended in 1992 with the Chapultepec Peace Accords. In the ensuing years, UNDP helped to rebuild institutions and address the underlying causes of post-conflict societal violence. Despite this progress, the consolidatimore
Montenegro’s Boka Bay is a place of striking beauty. Only a few years ago, this unique place faced a dire threat : 128 tonnes of toxic fuel, once destined to propel anti-ship rockets, was stored on the shore at risk of leaking from outdated storage tanks. “My family, friends and neighbours were allmore
Through its Global Programme on Strengthening the Rule of Law in Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations UNDP is building peace and promoting access to justice and security in over 37 crisis-affected countries and situations. The Global Programme is also a vehicle for UNDP to engage in policy debates around rule of law, justice and security with other key UN actors, and to support international consensus-building towards collective action in this area. Through its Global Rule of Law Programme, UNDP is engaged in joint programming with the UN Department for Peacekeeping Operations and other UN agencies in a number of peacekeeping settings.
Whether in times of armed conflict, post-conflict or peace, sexual violence is neither inevitable nor acceptable; it is an outcome of gender inequality and a violation of human rights for which states are accountable.
Evaluation of UNDP's Support to Mobile Courts in Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of Congo and SomaliaMore
Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations
A User's Guide to Measuring Rule of Law, Justice and Security Programmes
During and after conflict: Mapping UN Rule of Law Engagement
The Global Focal Point for Police, Justice and Corrections
How do we work together with the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) on being the Focal Point for the Police, Justice and Corrections Areas in the Rule of Law in Post-conflict and other Crisis Situations?
- 2012 Annual Report on UNDP's Rule of Law Global Programme
- Rule of Law Global programme- Phase II
- Reparations, Development and Gender
- World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security and Development
- Strengthening women's security and access to justice
- Fighting corruption in post-conflict and recovery situations
- Visions of hope: seeing beyond violence, looking towards development