Long after conflicts are over, landmines, abandoned munitions and other explosive remnants of war still kill and maim, sometimes for decades. They are responsible for an average of 11 deaths per day, and countless more severe injuries.
Development and economic growth often increases the demand for land, so that communities can plant more crops and improve food security, or build new housing, roads and infrastructure. Mines and explosive remnants of war not only pose a health and safety risk - in many post conflict countries, they impede economic growth by preventing people from using land. They also deprive people of basic services; hinder the use of natural resources; and severely undermine the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
The global economic impact of unexploded ordnance is estimated to be in the hundreds of billions of dollars a year; costs that are often borne by developing countries that can least afford them.
In fragile societies, unexploded ordnance can also stop refugees and displaced people from returning home, adversely affecting stability, security, and the realization of long-term peace.
Projects and Initiatives
During the second Indochina War between 1964 and 1974, more than 2 million tons of bombs, including cluster bombs, along with other ordnance were dropped onMore
Zambia is familiar with the issue of cluster munitions, a form of explosive weapon that can be air-dropped or ground-launched and releases smaller sub-munitions. Commonly knownMore
I remember first learning of “clusters” when I worked in Pakistan in the early 90s and saw injured Afghan children who had picked one up, losingMore