Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions

 Niat Zareen expresses her happiness over getting a new house which is warm and centrally insulated, with an energy efficient stove. Photo: UNDP/Pakistan

Over the past twenty years, UNDP has accumulated institutional knowledge and a wealth of experience that informs and guides greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation policy frameworks, as well as supports countries to pursue development options that reduce emissions that contribute to climate change.

Currently UNDP is developing or implementing some 170 sustainable energy projects, representing a portfolio of approximately US$ 585 million in grant financing and leveraging almost US$ 4.67 billion in co-financing. This portfolio includes a focus on promoting access to clean and affordable energy services, and promoting low emission and climate resilient urban and transport infrastructure.

For example, in Pakistan—where UNDP has supported energy efficient cooking, heating and housing technologies—fuel wood consumption has fallen by more than 50% in the concerned households, freeing up valuable disposable income, improving indoor air quality, and allowing women and children to spend more time on productive activities such as education. In total, 64 kilotons of fuel wood has been saved and approximately 118,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions avoided. In Uruguay, UNDP has supported the government to install a policy framework for independent power producers in the wind energy sector. This legislation has reduced the power market risks surrounding potential investment. 340MW of wind farms are now operational, with a total of 1GW in investment anticipated by the end of 2015.

Within this portfolio, UNDP has supported over 120 developing and middle income countries with comprehensive energy programs focusing on renewable energy and energy efficiency.