Integrated climate change strategies
UNDP’s programme of work on Integrated Climate Strategies involves assisting governments to develop and strengthen policies, institutions, capacities and knowledge for integrated green, low-emission and climate resilient development (LECRD), and to make use of the full range of financing mechanisms to support such investments.
This is being achieved through the support that UNDP provides to countries through global support programmes and national level projects to develop and implement Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS)/LECRDS, Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), linked to existing development strategies and coordination frameworks. These efforts, linked to the UNFCCC process, strengthen policy and governance institutions so that countries are better able to manage the emerging development challenges, including identifying priority sectors and specific initiatives for climate financing. UNDP also works with countries to be “ready” for climate finance—i.e. to strengthen capacities to plan for, access, deliver and measure and report on climate finance. UNDP has supported countries under the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and Adaptation Fund and is preparing for the operationalization of the Green Climate Fund.
For example, in Bhutan UNDP supported the National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) Process to reduce Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) in Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys. This project has significantly reduced risk of GLOFs; has led to gender and poverty-reduction benefits; and is now being scaled up for replication in other countries in the region.
Similarly, UNDP’s Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme is supporting 25 countries to scale up mitigation actions. Through targeted technical backstopping and supporting the development of Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), the LECB Programme fosters national ownership and country driven frameworks for action which are sustainable and robust. In the LDC context, this support is a pivotal resource, helping raise awareness and create strong institutional frameworks to support climate actions. Under the LECB Programme, countries such as the the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Zambia are building institutional capacities in key sectors to improve data compilation and coordination, documenting previous GHG inventory efforts, and preparing national manuals of procedures. These efforts and outputs serve as the foundation of future climate actions and provide a sound basis for improvement, while simultaneously providing examples for partners and peers.