Step 3: Respond
Once an assessment has been carried out, UNDP supports countries in preparing a capacity development response, indicating how a country might respond to issues raised in the assessment, based on national priorities and needs. Here, UNDP draws upon a set of actions that evidence shows are effective in developing capacity and strengthening institutions; these actions address one or more of the four capacity development core issues: 1) institutional arrangements, 2) leadership, 3) knowledge and 4) accountability. These need to be tailored for each context, informed by findings from the capacity assessment conducted. As responses in the four core issue areas are complementary and mutually reinforcing, a response would most likely combine actions from more than one core issue.
For example, a potential set of responses may include the following: clarification of mandates and roles of relevant departments and/or ministries related to service delivery and formulation of public-private partnership arrangements (institutional arrangements); joint planning with key stakeholders to define vision, priorities and strategy (leadership); promotion of south-south learning and implementation of brain-gain / retention strategies (knowledge); and development of participatory planning and monitoring mechanisms (accountability).
You can read more about UNDP's capacity development response in the UNDP Practice Note on Capacity Development .