Progress on eliminating ozone-depleting substances in 120 countries, UNDP reportNov 17, 2014
Paris, France – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) today released a report showcasing how 120 countries eliminated more than 67,000 tonnes of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) and over 5 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent greenhouse gas emissions, helping to improve air quality and technological practices in such sectors as refrigeration and air conditioning, solvents, and foams.
The report, Protecting the Ozone Layer and Reducing Global Warming, features nine case studies, including of technology transfer across different continents, and summarizes the results and lessons learned over a period of 20 years.
Examples covered in the report include transfer of low-carbon and ODS-free technologies in the foam sector, refrigeration and air conditioning, and solvents, across different countries such as Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Georgia, India, Jamaica, Mexico, Swaziland and Trinidad & Tobago, as well as the Portuguese-speaking Africa and the Countries with Economies in Transition (Belarus, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan). In addition, of the 2,331 completed projects, over 1,000 were with private sector entities, including hundreds of small and medium-sized enterprises.
UNDP assisted these countries to access expertise and access $690.6 million in funding from the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (for developing countries) and $42.5 million from the Global Environment Facility (for countries with economies in transition) to eliminate ozone depleting chemicals.
“As UNDP supports the HCFC (potent greenhouse gases) phase-out currently underway, it will maintain its focus on the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises and as such, there is no doubt that the Montreal Protocol will continue to be one of UNDP’s flagship programmes,” says Nik Sekhran, Director of UNDP’s Sustainable Development Cluster.
The report was launched on the margins of the 26th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, in Paris, France, which ends Friday 21 November.
The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances. Although challenges remain, the Montreal Protocol has been recognized as a global success, demonstrated by the massive elimination of production and consumption of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), halons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform, methyl bromide, and bromochloromethane worldwide since it came into force in 1987.
Mr. Jacques Van Engel, Director, UNDP Montreal Protocol Unit / Chemicals.