6 A global partnership for development

Where do we stand?

Official development assistance to least developed countries increased significantly over the MDG period.

Official development assistance has plateaued in recent years, after increasing significantly in the first decade of the new millennium. Imports from developing countries, especially from least developed countries, increasingly receive preferential treatment from developed countries.

Greater funding and innovation are crucial to the implementation of the post-2015 development agenda.

Official development assistance (ODA), from OECD-DAC countries, 2000–2013 (constant 2012 US$ billions)

Source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015

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  • Official development assistance from developed countries increased by 66 percent in real terms between 2000 and 2014.
  • In 2014, 79 percent of imports from developing to developed countries were admitted duty free.
  • The proportion of external debt service to export revenue in developing countries fell from 12 percent in 2000 to 3 percent in 2013.
  • As of 2015, 95 percent of the world’s population is covered by a mobile-cellular signal.
  • Only one third of the population in the developing regions use the Internet, compared to 82 percent in the developed regions.

Read more in The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015.

UNDP's work around the globe

2015: Time for Global Action
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Ensuring that leaders take ambitious decisions to reduce poverty and inequality and protect our planet this year is everyone’s responsibility.

Here’s how you can do your part...
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population