6 A global partnership for development

Where do we stand?

Official development assistance to least developed countries increased significantly over the MDG period.

Official development assistance has plateaued in recent years, after increasing significantly in the first decade of the new millennium. Imports from developing countries, especially from least developed countries, increasingly receive preferential treatment from developed countries.

Greater funding and innovation are crucial to the implementation of the post-2015 development agenda.

Official development assistance (ODA), from OECD-DAC countries, 2000–2013 (constant 2012 US$ billions)

Source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015

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  • Official development assistance from developed countries increased by 66 percent in real terms between 2000 and 2014.
  • In 2014, 79 percent of imports from developing to developed countries were admitted duty free.
  • The proportion of external debt service to export revenue in developing countries fell from 12 percent in 2000 to 3 percent in 2013.
  • As of 2015, 95 percent of the world’s population is covered by a mobile-cellular signal.
  • Only one third of the population in the developing regions use the Internet, compared to 82 percent in the developed regions.

Read more in The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015.

UNDP's work around the globe

  • 13-16 July: Third International Conference on Financing for Development Jun 25, 201513-16 July: Third International Conference on Financing for DevelopmentIn Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, high-level political representatives will adopt an international agreement setting out how the post-2015 sustainable development agenda will be financed.

  • 17 October : International Day for the Eradication of Poverty Oct 17, 201517 October : International Day for the Eradication of PovertyThe theme of International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2015 is “Building a sustainable future: Coming together to end poverty and discrimination”.

  • Access to data crucial for achieving Global Goals, say UNDP and partners in TurkeyNov 16, 2015Access to data crucial for achieving Global Goals, say UNDP and partners in TurkeyA side event at the G20, titled: “Open data: enabling inclusive, sustainable and robust growth”, takes stock of the G20’s efforts to limit the impact of corruption on economic growth, trade and development and discussed new ways of facilitating public sector transparency and accountability. The event was co-hosted by the Turkish presidency of the G20, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

  • Achieving the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda: The role of the public serviceMay 26, 2015Achieving the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda: The role of the public service

  • Are women and girls more vulnerable to tuberculosis and malaria?Mar 23, 2016Are women and girls more vulnerable to tuberculosis and malaria?Are tuberculosis (TB) and malaria still a widespread threat? Popular belief says no. But, in fact, they are still grave health challenges that need more attention, especially in how they are affected by gender. The World Health Organization recently reported that TB now ranks alongside HIV as the leading cause of death from infectious disease. And the disease has a disproportionate effect on women. Today, TB kills more women globally than any other single infectious disease, and more women die annually from TB than from all causes of maternal mortality combined. Some TB symptoms can also affect men and women in profoundly different ways. For example, women have a higher prevalence of genital TB, which is difficult to diagnose and has been identified as an important cause of infertility in settings with high TB incidence.

2015: Time for Global Action
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Ensuring that leaders take ambitious decisions to reduce poverty and inequality and protect our planet this year is everyone’s responsibility.

Here’s how you can do your part...
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population