6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where do we stand?

There are still too many new cases of HIV infection.

Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected people has been increasing dramatically. ART has saved 6.6 million lives since 1995. Expanding its coverage can save many more. In addition, knowledge about HIV among youth needs to be improved to stop the spread of the disease.

HIV incidence rate (Estimated number of new HIV infections per year per 100 people aged 15-49), 2001 and 2012
Source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014

Bar Chart
  • Almost 600 children died every day of AIDS-related causes in 2012.
  • Antiretroviral medicines were delivered to 9.5 million people in developing regions in 2012.
  • Malaria interventions saved the lives of three million young children between 2000 and 2012.
  • Between 1995 and 2012, tuberculosis treatment saved 22 million lives.

Read more in The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014

UNDP's work around the globe

2015: Time for Global Action

Ensuring that leaders take ambitious decisions to reduce poverty and inequality and protect our planet this year is everyone’s responsibility.

Here’s how you can do your part...
UNDP - WHO joint letter on NCDs
Download (PDF)

The UN General Assembly will conduct a comprehensive assessment of the progress
achieved in the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases.


World Health Organization
Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
  3. Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
    • Incidence and death rates associated with malaria
    • Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets
    • Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
    • Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
    • Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course