6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where do we stand?

The incidence of HIV is declining steadily in most regions; but 2.5 million people are still newly infected each year.

HIV incidence rate (Estimated number of new HIV infections per year per 100 people aged 15-49), 2001 and 2011
Source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2013

Bar Chart
  • In 2011, 230,000 fewer children under age 15 were infected with HIV than in 2001.
  • Eight million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV at the end of 2011.
  • In the decade since 2000, 1.1 million deaths from malaria were averted.
  • Treatment for tuberculosis has saved some 20 million lives between 1995 and 2011.

Read more in The Millennium Development Goals Report 2013

UNDP's work around the globe

1.69 years
until 2015

1990 2015
UNDP - WHO joint letter on NCDs
Download (PDF)

The UN General Assembly will conduct a comprehensive assessment of the progress
achieved in the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases.


World Health Organization
Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
  3. Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
    • Incidence and death rates associated with malaria
    • Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets
    • Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
    • Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
    • Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course