6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where do we stand?

The number of people newly infected with HIV continues to decline in many regions of the world.

Access to antiretroviral therapy has increased at a remarkable pace, averting millions of deaths. Unfortunately knowledge of HIV and HIV prevention remains low among young people.

Similarly, increased global attention to the devastating effects of malaria has produced significant results, and the burden of tuberculosis has declined, thanks to effective prevention, diagnosis and treatment.

HIV incidence rate (estimated number of new HIV infections per year per 100 people aged 15-49), 2001 and 2012
Source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015

Bar Chart
  • New HIV infections fell by approximately 40 percent between 2000 and 2013, from an estimated 3.5 million cases to 2.1 million.
  • By June 2014, 13.6 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally; ART averted 7.6 million deaths from AIDS between 1995 and 2013.
  • Over 6.2 million malaria deaths have been averted between 2000 and 2015, primarily of children under five years of age in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Between 2000 and 2013, tuberculosis prevention, diagnosis and treatment saved 37 million lives.

Read more in The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015.

Our stories

2015: Time for Global Action

Ensuring that leaders take ambitious decisions to reduce poverty and inequality and protect our planet this year is everyone’s responsibility.

Here’s how you can do your part...
UNDP - WHO joint letter on NCDs
Download (PDF)

The UN General Assembly will conduct a comprehensive assessment of the progress
achieved in the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases.


World Health Organization
Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
  3. Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
    • Incidence and death rates associated with malaria
    • Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets
    • Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
    • Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
    • Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course