6 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Where do we stand?

The global mobilization behind the Millennium Development Goals has produced the most successful anti-poverty movement in history, according to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

The MDG target of reducing by half the proportion of people living in extreme poverty was achieved in 2010, well ahead of the 2015 deadline.

Number of people living on less than $1.25 a day worldwide, 1990-2015 (millions)
Source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015.

Bar Chart
  • Since 1990, more than 1 billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty.
  • The proportion of undernourished people in the developing regions has fallen by almost half.
  • One in seven children worldwide are underweight, down from one in four in 1990.
  • Despite progress, almost half of the world’s employed people work in vulnerable conditions.
  • By the end of 2014, conflicts had forced almost 60 million people to abandon their homes.

Read more in The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015

Our stories
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  • Panama’s forests and seas hold scope for new curesJun 3, 2016Panama’s forests and seas hold scope for new curesA project by UNDP and the Ministry of Environment in Panama aims to identify natural products for the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries to promote sustainable and equitable use of genetic resources.

  • Life on the edge in GeorgiaMay 23, 2016Life on the edge in GeorgiaAbano, one of the oldest villages in the country and known for its healing thermal water springs, could have been a tourist hot spot with a blooming local economy. However, its close vicinity to a conflict area has made this impossible and instead the village is now one of the poorest in the region.

  • Back on the land for Nepalese farmersApr 24, 2016Back on the land for Nepalese farmersUNDP’s Rapid Enterprise and Livelihoods Recovery Project supports microentrepreneurs to restore their livelihoods after the earthquake.

  • Building bridges in AfghanistanApr 15, 2016Building bridges in AfghanistanThe Border Management Northern Afghanistan project has been working for nearly a decade to build the physical and social infrastructure, for a strong and peaceful Afghanistan.

2015: Time for Global Action

Ensuring that leaders take ambitious decisions to reduce poverty and inequality and protect our planet this year is everyone’s responsibility.

Here’s how you can do your part...
Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption