6 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Where do we stand?

1.2 billion still live in extreme poverty, even though poverty rates have been halved between 1990 and 2010 and the MDG target has been met.

In 2012, a quarter of all children under the age of five years were estimated to be stunted—having inadequate height for their age. This represents a significant decline since 1990 when 40 per cent of young children were stunted. However, it is unacceptable that 162 million young children are still suffering from chronic undernutrition.

Proportion of people living on less than $1.25 a day, 1990 and 2010 (Percentage)
Source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014.

Bar Chart
  • About one in five persons in developing regions lives on less than $1.25 per day.
  • Vulnerable employment accounted for 56 per cent of all employment in developing
    regions, compared to 10 per cent in developed regions.
  • About 173 million fewer people worldwide suffered from chronic hunger in 2011–2013 than in 1990–1992.
  • One in four children under age five in the world has inadequate height for his or her age.
  • Every day in 2013, 32,000 people had to abandon their homes to seek protection due to conflict.

Read more in The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014

UNDP's work around the globe

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1.29 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption