6 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Where do we stand?

The MDG target has been met, poverty rates have been halved between 1990 and 2010, but 1.2 billion people still live in extreme poverty. 

Proportion of people living on less than $1.25 a day, 1990 and 2010 (Percentage)
(source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2013)

Bar Chart
  • About 700 million fewer people lived in conditions of extreme poverty in 2010 than in 1990.
  • The economic and financial crisis has widened the global jobs gap by 67 million people.
  • One in eight people still go to bed hungry, despite major progress.
  • Globally, nearly one in six children under age five are underweight; one in four are stunted.
  • An estimated 7 per cent of children under age five worldwide are now overweight, another aspect of malnutrition; one quarter of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa.

Read more in The Millennium Development Goals Report 2013

UNDP's work around the globe

1.71 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption