Fast Facts: Mine Action
In post-conflict countries, landmines, unexploded bombs and other explosive remnants of war continue to injure and kill civilians, sometimes for decades after the fighting has stopped. In addition to the human toll, unexploded ordnance prevents countries and communities from developing to their full potential, affecting food security, access to farmland, social services, clean water and roads. In many post conflict countries, leftover explosive remnants of war have a direct impact on progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
Worldwide, landmines and other explosive remnants of war kill almost 4,000 people per year. The global economic cost of unexploded ordinance is estimated to be in the hundreds of billions of dollars a year, often affecting the poorest countries. In many societies affected by conflict or instability, unexploded ordinance stands in the way of long-term peace and prevents the rehabilitation and reintegration of former combatants and people affected by conflict, such as returning refugees.
UNDP works closely with governments in post-conflict countries to ensure that mine action efforts are an important part of recovery, development and livelihoods. Clearance activities often occur in tandem with other financial and livelihoods support, including small business loans, vocational training and technical help with transport, food storage and livestock handling.
UNDP is part of the United Nations Mine Action Community – 14 UN agencies that work towards the eradication of landmines and explosive remnants of war.