Trade, Intellectual Property and Migration

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MDG Gap task Force Report 2009

The 2009 MDG Gap Task Force Report finds that the Global Partnership for Development has suffered important setbacks, mostly arising from the current state of the world economy. It finds that although aid can be a powerful instrument to reduce poverty, gaps in the delivery of aid and itsmore

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Making Globalization Work for the Least Developed Countries

This paper analyses how LDCs are affected by the current process of globalization, and considers what policies such countries and the international community can implement to increase the share of benefits they receive in this process, while minimizing the costs and risks they bear. more

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Maldives Diagnostic Trade Integration Study

Recent developments in the Maldives, including the 2004 tsunami, have had a negative impact on trade and economic performance. This has resulted in a downturn in the tourism sector which contributes substantially both to GDP and to foreign exchange earnings. This report examines the challenges andmore

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Poverty Thematic Trust Fund 2011 Annual Report

The Poverty Thematic Trust Fund (PTTF) has been a catalytic support to country, regional and global projects for poverty reduction for over a decade. During the past two years, the PTTF has funded 28 country projects, six regional initiatives and global policy advisory services.   This reportmore

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Regional Integration and Human Development: A Pathway for Africa

The report discusses four main channels linking integration and human development: income; access to services, empowerment, and sustainability. It assesses how factors common to many countries might condition the impacts of regional integration on human development. This qualitative analysis ismore

Regional, National Aid for Trade Need Assessments in Central Asia and Caucasus

The Aid for Trade Regional Review represents a summary of the findings of the national Aid for Trade Needs Assessment (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan). The Regional Review has been compiled by Daniel Ivarsson, lead author of the publication.   Whilemore

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The Impact of the Doha Round on Kenya

This study analyzes the benefits and costs of trade liberalization and policy choices for Kenya in the context of the WTO Doha Round. A positive balance for Kenya will depend on reduced support to agriculture in developed countries and how much protection Kenya can retain to its manufacturingmore

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Tourism and Poverty Reduction Strategies in the Integrated Framework for LDCs

This study analyzes LDCs’ tourism development aspirations as provided in the Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies (DTIS) that were carried out under the Integrated Framework. The country matrices below provide unedited extracts from the Diagnostic Trade and Integration Studies that have informedmore

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Toward a Balanced Sui Generis Plant Variety Regime

The TRIPS Agreement requires members to provide intellectual property protection to plant varieties. This has potential impacts over farming practices in countries that have long depended on informal exchange of farm-saved seed and knowledge. In order to establish a balanced sui generis PVP regime,more

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Towards Human Resilience: Sustaining MDG Progress in an Age of Economic Uncertainty

The recent global economic crisis has reinforced significant concerns about the impact of financial and economic shocks on human development. The increasing frequency of such shocks raises important questions about their systemic character and the ability of developing countries to withstand themore

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Towards a Human Rights-Based Approach to Food Security: A Self-Assessment Tool to Achieve Balanced Plant Regimes

The agricultural sector is a crucial source of food, employment and trade, and so it contributes to overall economic growth and poverty reduction. Increasingly, the privatization and spread of commercial seeds is harming agricultural biodiversity in developing countries. In particular, intellectualmore

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Trade Negotiations on Environmental Goods and Services in the LDC Context

LDCs face challenges in the context of the environmental goods and services trade talks: how to gain market access without degrading the environment and how to protect the environment without adversely affecting economic growth, while still advancing in the trade liberalization process. The papermore

Trade for Poverty Reduction

This report examines how well trade policy and poverty reduction are integrated in Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers. It argues that although trade is figuring prominently in PRSPs, there is a lack of understanding as to how trade and poverty reduction strategies can be fully integrated to spreadmore

Trade on Human Terms

The Report highlights that free trade can benefit the poor of Asia-Pacific if countries adopt bold new policies that harness trade and economic growth to promote people’s well-being. It also highlights the important sub-regional variations in employment performance across the region. Employmentmore

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Trade, Gender and Poverty

This paper focuses on the relationship of trade, on the one hand, with gender and poverty, on the other,within the context of the human development paradigm. Specifically, it examines the impact of trade liberalization on gender inequalities (primarily via employment,wages and the care economy);more