2014 Human Development Report24 Jul 2014
The 2014 Human Development Report “Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience” - shows that overall global trends in human development are positive. Yet, people at all ages are also facing threats and challenges to their wellbeing, including by natural or human-induced disasters and crises.
While every individual and society is vulnerable to risk, some suffer far less harm and recover more quickly than others when adversity strikes. The Report asks why that is and considers vulnerability and resilience through a human development lens.
The Report takes a people-centred approach. It identifies the ‘structurally vulnerable’ groups of people who are more vulnerable than others by virtue of their history or of their unequal treatment by the rest of society.
Based on analysis of the available evidence, the Report makes a number of important recommendations for achieving a world which addresses vulnerabilities and builds resilience to future shocks. It calls for universal access to basic social services, especially health and education; stronger social protection, including unemployment insurance and pensions; and a commitment to full employment, recognizing that the value of employment extends far beyond the income it generates.
- Overall human development levels continue to rise, but at a slower pace than before. The 2013 HDI value at the global level is 0.702, while the 2012 HDI was 0.700.
- More than 15 percent of the world’s people remain vulnerable to multidimensional poverty.
- In 16 countries human development levels for women are equal or higher than those for men.
- The steepest declines in HDI values this year occurred in Central African Republic, Libya and Syria, where ongoing conflict contributed to a drop in incomes.
- Despite registering the biggest drop in overall inequality this year, the Latin America and Caribbean region still faces extensive income inequality.
- South Asia has the largest multidimensionally poor population, with more than 800 million poor and over 270 million near-poor – that is, more than 71 percent of its population.
2014 Human Development Index (HDI)
Very high human development
Medium human development
Low human development
|1 Norway||50 Uruguay||103 Maldives||145 Nepal|
|2 Australia||51 Bahamas||103 Mongolia||146 Pakistan|
|3 Switzerland||51 Montenegro||103 Turkmenistan||147 Kenya|
|4 Netherlands||53 Belarus||106 Samoa||148 Swaziland|
|5 United States||54 Romania||107 Palestine, State of||149 Angola|
|6 Germany||55 Libya||108 Indonesia||150 Myanmar|
|7 New Zealand||56 Oman||109 Botswana||151 Rwanda|
|8 Canada||57 Russian Federation||110 Egypt||152 Cameroon|
|9 Singapore||58 Bulgaria||111 Paraguay||152 Nigeria|
|10 Denmark||59 Barbados||112 Gabon||154 Yemen|
|11 Ireland||60 Palau||113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)||155 Madagascar|
|12 Sweden||61 Antigua and Barbuda||114 Moldova (Republic of)||156 Zimbabwe|
|13 Iceland||62 Malaysia||115 El Salvador||157 Papua New Guinea|
|14 United Kingdom||63 Mauritius||116 Uzbekistan||157 Solomon Islands|
|15 Hong Kong, China (SAR)||64 Trinidad and Tobago||117 Philippines||159 Comoros|
|15 Korea (Republic of)||65 Lebanon||118 South Africa||159 Tanzania (United Republic of)|
|17 Japan||65 Panama||118 Syrian Arab Republic||161 Mauritania|
|18 Liechtenstein||67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)||120 Iraq||162 Lesotho|
|19 Israel||68 Costa Rica||121 Guyana||163 Senegal|
|20 France||69 Turkey||121 Viet Nam||164 Uganda|
|21 Austria||70 Kazakhstan||123 Cape Verde||165 Benin|
|21 Belgium||71 Mexico||124 Micronesia (Federated States of)||166 Sudan|
|21 Luxembourg||71 Seychelles||125 Guatemala||166 Togo|
|24 Finland||73 Saint Kitts and Nevis||125 Kyrgyzstan||168 Haiti|
|25 Slovenia||73 Sri Lanka||127 Namibia||169 Afghanistan|
|26 Italy||75 Iran (Islamic Republic of)||128 Timor-Leste||170 Djibouti|
|27 Spain||76 Azerbaijan||129 Honduras||171 Côte d'Ivoire|
|28 Czech Republic||77 Jordan||129 Morocco||172 Gambia|
|29 Greece||77 Serbia||131 Vanuatu||173 Ethiopia|
|30 Brunei Darussalam||79 Brazil||132 Nicaragua||174 Malawi|
|31 Qatar||79 Georgia||133 Kiribati||175 Liberia|
|32 Cyprus||79 Grenada||133 Tajikistan||176 Mali|
|33 Estonia||82 Peru||135 India||177 Guinea-Bissau|
|34 Saudi Arabia||83 Ukraine||136 Bhutan||178 Mozambique|
|35 Lithuania||84 Belize||136 Cambodia||179 Guinea|
|35 Poland||84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia||138 Ghana||180 Burundi|
|37 Andorra||86 Bosnia and Herzegovina||139 Lao People's Democratic Republic||181 Burkina Faso|
|37 Slovakia||87 Armenia||140 Congo||182 Eritrea|
|39 Malta||88 Fiji||141 Zambia||183 Sierra Leone|
|40 United Arab Emirates||89 Thailand||142 Bangladesh||184 Chad|
|41 Chile||90 Tunisia||142 Sao Tome and Principe||185 Central African Republic|
|41 Portugal||91 China||144 Equatorial Guinea||186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)|
|43 Hungary||91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||187 Niger|
|44 Bahrain||93 Algeria|
|44 Cuba||93 Dominica|
|46 Kuwait||95 Albania|
|47 Croatia||96 Jamaica|
|48 Latvia||97 Saint Lucia|
|49 Argentina||98 Colombia|
|102 Dominican Republic|
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