2014 Human Development Report

24 Jul 2014
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Summary

The 2014 Human Development Report “Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience” - shows that overall global trends in human development are positive. Yet, people at all ages are also facing threats and challenges to their wellbeing, including by natural or human-induced disasters and crises.

 

While every individual and society is vulnerable to risk, some suffer far less harm and recover more quickly than others when adversity strikes. The Report asks why that is and considers vulnerability and resilience through a human development lens.

 

The Report takes a people-centred approach. It identifies the ‘structurally vulnerable’ groups of people who are more vulnerable than others by virtue of their history or of their unequal treatment by the rest of society.

 

Based on analysis of the available evidence, the Report makes a number of important recommendations for achieving a world which addresses vulnerabilities and builds resilience to future shocks. It calls for universal access to basic social services, especially health and education; stronger social protection, including unemployment insurance and pensions; and a commitment to full employment, recognizing that the value of employment extends far beyond the income it generates.

Highlights

  • Overall human development levels continue to rise, but at a slower pace than before. The 2013 HDI value at the global level is 0.702, while the 2012 HDI was 0.700.
  • More than 15 percent of the world’s people remain vulnerable to multidimensional poverty.
  • In 16 countries human development levels for women are equal or higher than those for men.
  • The steepest declines in HDI values this year occurred in Central African Republic, Libya and Syria, where ongoing conflict contributed to a drop in incomes.
  • Despite registering the biggest drop in overall inequality this year, the Latin America and Caribbean region still faces extensive income inequality.
  • South Asia has the largest multidimensionally poor population, with more than 800 million poor and over 270 million near-poor – that is, more than 71 percent of its population.

  • 2014 Human Development Index (HDI)

    Very high human development

    High human
    development

    Medium human development

    Low human development

     
    1 Norway 50 Uruguay 103 Maldives 145 Nepal
    2 Australia 51 Bahamas 103 Mongolia 146 Pakistan
    3 Switzerland 51 Montenegro 103 Turkmenistan 147 Kenya
    4 Netherlands 53 Belarus 106 Samoa 148 Swaziland
    5 United States 54 Romania 107 Palestine, State of 149 Angola
    6 Germany 55 Libya 108 Indonesia 150 Myanmar
    7 New Zealand 56 Oman 109 Botswana 151 Rwanda
    8 Canada 57 Russian Federation 110 Egypt 152 Cameroon
    9 Singapore 58 Bulgaria 111 Paraguay 152 Nigeria
    10 Denmark 59 Barbados 112 Gabon 154 Yemen
    11 Ireland 60 Palau 113 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 155 Madagascar
    12 Sweden 61 Antigua and Barbuda 114 Moldova (Republic of) 156 Zimbabwe
    13 Iceland 62 Malaysia 115 El Salvador 157 Papua New Guinea
    14 United Kingdom 63 Mauritius 116 Uzbekistan 157 Solomon Islands
    15 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 64 Trinidad and Tobago 117 Philippines 159 Comoros
    15 Korea (Republic of) 65 Lebanon 118 South Africa 159 Tanzania (United Republic of)
    17 Japan 65 Panama 118 Syrian Arab Republic 161 Mauritania
    18 Liechtenstein 67 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 120 Iraq 162 Lesotho
    19 Israel 68 Costa Rica 121 Guyana 163 Senegal
    20 France 69 Turkey 121 Viet Nam 164 Uganda
    21 Austria 70 Kazakhstan 123 Cape Verde 165 Benin
    21 Belgium 71 Mexico 124 Micronesia (Federated States of) 166 Sudan
    21 Luxembourg 71 Seychelles 125 Guatemala 166 Togo
    24 Finland 73 Saint Kitts and Nevis 125 Kyrgyzstan 168 Haiti
    25 Slovenia 73 Sri Lanka 127 Namibia 169 Afghanistan
    26 Italy 75 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 128 Timor-Leste 170 Djibouti
    27 Spain 76 Azerbaijan 129 Honduras 171 Côte d'Ivoire
    28 Czech Republic 77 Jordan 129 Morocco 172 Gambia
    29 Greece 77 Serbia 131 Vanuatu 173 Ethiopia
    30 Brunei Darussalam 79 Brazil 132 Nicaragua 174 Malawi
    31 Qatar 79 Georgia 133 Kiribati 175 Liberia
    32 Cyprus 79 Grenada 133 Tajikistan 176 Mali
    33 Estonia 82 Peru 135 India 177 Guinea-Bissau
    34 Saudi Arabia 83 Ukraine 136 Bhutan 178 Mozambique
    35 Lithuania 84 Belize 136 Cambodia 179 Guinea
    35 Poland 84 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 138 Ghana 180 Burundi
    37 Andorra 86 Bosnia and Herzegovina 139 Lao People's Democratic Republic 181 Burkina Faso
    37 Slovakia 87 Armenia 140 Congo 182 Eritrea
    39 Malta 88 Fiji 141 Zambia 183 Sierra Leone
    40 United Arab Emirates 89 Thailand 142 Bangladesh 184 Chad
    41 Chile 90 Tunisia 142 Sao Tome and Principe 185 Central African Republic
    41 Portugal 91 China 144 Equatorial Guinea 186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
    43 Hungary 91 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   187 Niger
    44 Bahrain 93 Algeria    
    44 Cuba 93 Dominica    
    46 Kuwait 95 Albania    
    47 Croatia 96 Jamaica    
    48 Latvia 97 Saint Lucia    
    49 Argentina 98 Colombia    
      98 Ecuador    
      100 Suriname    
      100 Tonga    
      102 Dominican Republic

     

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