There are two main schools of thought about the role of small-scale private water providers. Proponents view them as pioneers and gap-fillers, supplying water where utilities are not providing it adequately. Sceptics argue that they are predators who charge high prices and supply poor quality water. This UNDP study examines which argument holds true in the urban and peri-urban areas of Kenya.
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is the largest financial institution with the mandate, ability, and experience to address current and future challenges to shared freshwater and marine systems. The publication explores a handful of the GEF International Waters projects that have already enabled countries to work collectively and, in many cases, to establish adaptive management institutions.
The report highlights the economic contribution of biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services to development and equity in the Latin American and Caribbean region. The goal of this chapter is to foster further progress towards sustainable ecosystem management by providing policy makers with information on the economic value of taking an ecosystem approach to fisheries management.
The integrity of all 64 of the World’s Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) and the livelihoods of billions of people that depend upon them are under threat not only from climate change, but also from overfishing, toxic pollution, nutrient over-enrichment, invasive species, habitat degradation, and biodiversity loss. With the assistance of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the World Bank, the United Nations system, and several industrialized countries, 110 coastal countries are implementing 17 transboundary, international LME projects.
This publication was prepared by the civil society organization the Global Ocean Forum (www.globaloceans.org ) with financing and technical support from UNDP-GEF. It measures the progress made toward the broad goals, targets, and timetables established by the international community. The analysis can only be qualitative, but it tells us that the issue of sustainability is complex, the challenges great, and the progress mixed. Nonetheless, the information that has been included is critical for global policymakers to absorb. We have to do better in moving from words to action, by joining forces in partnership, and in measuring the results.