Harmful carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced by 1.3 million tonnes over the next 10 years following a doubling of the United Arab Emirates’ project portfolio under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).
The purpose of this publication is to highlight the development challenges faced by people who live in drylands and to outline how these challenges can be tackled successfully. Covering about 40 percent of the world’s land surface, dryland is home to more than 2 billion people in nearly 100 countries, of which about half remains under poverty. It will be impossible to meet the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 if life does not improve for the poor people of the drylands. Together, they are the forgotten billion. The publication stresses that the policies designed to meet the needs of dryland peoples must be based on a sound understanding of the full complexity and dynamics of dryland ecosystems. They need to emphasize the value of dryland ecosystem services and the investment and marketing opportunities they offer.
The guidelines, by the GEF-funded project ‘Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System’, presents a set of four global impact indicators and their methodologies which, when taken together, can be used to determine the trends in combating land degradation and desertification through sustainable land management practices that improve the productivity of agro-ecosystems.
The GEF-funded project ‘Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System’ (KM:Land), developed a suite of global and project-level indicators to measure global environmental benefits and local livelihood benefits. The indicators and accompanying conceptual framework are now being adopted and adapted by both the GEF and UNCCD in their efforts to measure impacts of their respective strategies to combat land degradation.