The report is based on the findings of a baseline survey carried out in four cross-border sites of global biodiversity significance in East Africa. The survey aimed to establish which dryland commodities might have sufficient market potential to lead to an improvement in livelihoods, while enabling sustainable natural resource development; and to identify processes by which this might be achieved.
The Challenge Paper builds on the understanding about climate dynamics in drylands and the role of uncertainty, risk and resilience. It situates this debate in the context of rapid global change - of climate, economy and geopolitics. It emphasizes adaptive potentials, the value of dryland ecosystem services and the investment and marketing opportunities they offer.
The paper focuses on the need to rethink conventional wisdom on land tenure approaches and asks how we can best respond to the land tenure problems. It provides a comparative overview of land tenure systems in the drylands, identifies challenges and trends in land tenure reform projects, and offers ideas for decision-makers.
The paper highlights the economic and ecological potential of drylands, as well as the vast information accumulated over the last few decades on their strategic importance to national development and meeting the MDG targets. It advocates for a new strategy for catalyzing and fast-tracking development activities in selected dryland countries to ensure they achieve the MDGs by the 2015 deadline.
The paper analyzes a sample of existing or in-formulation policy frameworks governing access and security of tenure over major natural assets such as land, forests and wildlife. The fundamental question that runs through the analysis in the paper concerns the extent to which security of resource tenure can mediate the achievement of the MDGs.
This publication is divided into two parts. Part I provides generic steps for mainstreaming environmental and socio-economic issues of drylands into national development frameworks. Part II is an evidence-based report which illustrates the key lessons learnt and challenges identified by 21 case countries around the world in mainstreaming environmental issues with a particular focus on drylands into national development planning processes.
The purpose of this publication is to highlight the development challenges faced by people who live in drylands and to outline how these challenges can be tackled successfully. Covering about 40 percent of the world’s land surface, dryland is home to more than 2 billion people in nearly 100 countries, of which about half remains under poverty. It will be impossible to meet the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 if life does not improve for the poor people of the drylands. Together, they are the forgotten billion. The publication stresses that the policies designed to meet the needs of dryland peoples must be based on a sound understanding of the full complexity and dynamics of dryland ecosystems. They need to emphasize the value of dryland ecosystem services and the investment and marketing opportunities they offer.
The guidelines, by the GEF-funded project ‘Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System’, presents a set of four global impact indicators and their methodologies which, when taken together, can be used to determine the trends in combating land degradation and desertification through sustainable land management practices that improve the productivity of agro-ecosystems.