In response to the problem of inequalities in the distribution of land, this Policy Research Brief points toward a land reform model that could both satisfy legitimate and urgent demands for social justice and develop an agrarian system that is economically viable. It draws primarily on a UNDP-ISS supported set of country studies and analytical papers.
The Third African Drought Adaptation Forum was held in September 2008 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Forum was organized so that participants could exchange practical experiences, findings and ideas on how to adapt to the increasing threat of drought and climate change in the drylands of Africa. The report contains a summary of sessions and outlines key themes that emerged from the discussions.
The GEF-funded project ‘Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System’ (KM:Land), developed a suite of global and project-level indicators to measure global environmental benefits and local livelihood benefits. The indicators and accompanying conceptual framework are now being adopted and adapted by both the GEF and UNCCD in their efforts to measure impacts of their respective strategies to combat land degradation.
The main argument of this paper is that insecurity of land tenure is a socio-political condition that can be made and unmade. It points out the need for a more action-based and community driven evolutionary process for land rights reform and governance in Africa. The publication focuses on Africa but also draws examples from other poor agrarian areas.
This publication provides a basic roadmap for mainstreaming drought risk management into development planning and programming at different levels. It suggests and outlines the steps to define drought risks within a given context. It also presents a methodology for translating risk assessments and matrices into specific policy measures, planning instruments and measurable interventions.
The brochure, part of UNDP/GEF's "Lessons for the future" series, highlights examples of UNDP/GEF activities to combat land degradation in Morocco, the Caucasus, Senegal, Lesotho, Pakistan and Sudan. Approaches covered include empowering traditional pastoralists, conserving arid and semi-arid ecosystem, preserving biodiversity and landscapes, etc.
The publication, published in partnership between UNDP and SIDA's Regional Land Management Unit (RELMA), presents the outcome of a regional workshop held in February 1999 in Tanzania with participation by NGOs and farmer innovators from the three countries, key national and international partners of the programme and others.