The paper highlights the economic and ecological potential of drylands, as well as the vast information accumulated over the last few decades on their strategic importance to national development and meeting the MDG targets. It advocates for a new strategy for catalyzing and fast-tracking development activities in selected dryland countries to ensure they achieve the MDGs by the 2015 deadline.
This publication is divided into two parts. Part I provides generic steps for mainstreaming environmental and socio-economic issues of drylands into national development frameworks. Part II is an evidence-based report which illustrates the key lessons learnt and challenges identified by 21 case countries around the world in mainstreaming environmental issues with a particular focus on drylands into national development planning processes.
The paper focuses on the need to rethink conventional wisdom on land tenure approaches and asks how we can best respond to the land tenure problems. It provides a comparative overview of land tenure systems in the drylands, identifies challenges and trends in land tenure reform projects, and offers ideas for decision-makers.
The purpose of this publication is to highlight the development challenges faced by people who live in drylands and to outline how these challenges can be tackled successfully. Covering about 40 percent of the world’s land surface, dryland is home to more than 2 billion people in nearly 100 countries, of which about half remains under poverty. It will be impossible to meet the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 if life does not improve for the poor people of the drylands. Together, they are the forgotten billion. The publication stresses that the policies designed to meet the needs of dryland peoples must be based on a sound understanding of the full complexity and dynamics of dryland ecosystems. They need to emphasize the value of dryland ecosystem services and the investment and marketing opportunities they offer.
The brochure, part of UNDP/GEF's "Lessons for the Future" series, highlights examples of activities to combat land degradation. It focuses on "cross-cutting projects" that address land degradation but were primarily designed to deal with other environmental problems, and specific UNDP/GEF land degradation projects that seek to build capacity or foster SLM practices.
UNDP assists countries to integrate land and related environmental concerns into national and sectoral development plans and strategies, secure resources, and implement programmes that advance inclusive, sustainable growth and development.