The guidelines, by the GEF-funded project ‘Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System’, presents a set of four global impact indicators and their methodologies which, when taken together, can be used to determine the trends in combating land degradation and desertification through sustainable land management practices that improve the productivity of agro-ecosystems.
This publication is divided into two parts. Part I provides generic steps for mainstreaming environmental and socio-economic issues of drylands into national development frameworks. Part II is an evidence-based report which illustrates the key lessons learnt and challenges identified by 21 case countries around the world in mainstreaming environmental issues with a particular focus on drylands into national development planning processes.
The paper focuses on the need to rethink conventional wisdom on land tenure approaches and asks how we can best respond to the land tenure problems. It provides a comparative overview of land tenure systems in the drylands, identifies challenges and trends in land tenure reform projects, and offers ideas for decision-makers.
The report is based on the findings of a baseline survey carried out in four cross-border sites of global biodiversity significance in East Africa. The survey aimed to establish which dryland commodities might have sufficient market potential to lead to an improvement in livelihoods, while enabling sustainable natural resource development; and to identify processes by which this might be achieved.
The brochure, part of UNDP/GEF's "Lessons for the Future" series, highlights examples of activities to combat land degradation. It focuses on "cross-cutting projects" that address land degradation but were primarily designed to deal with other environmental problems, and specific UNDP/GEF land degradation projects that seek to build capacity or foster SLM practices.
The document aims to help UN country teams, as well as other UN staff, intergovernmental organizations and CSOs to: Understand the issue of land governance, why it matters and why civil society needs to be involved; Understand why UN agencies need to work with CSOs to promote pro-poor land governance; and Identify the opportunities and entry points that exist for such UN-CSO collaboration.
In response to the problem of inequalities in the distribution of land, this Policy Research Brief points toward a land reform model that could both satisfy legitimate and urgent demands for social justice and develop an agrarian system that is economically viable. It draws primarily on a UNDP-ISS supported set of country studies and analytical papers.