Featured publications

  • Fast Facts: Universal Energy AccessJul 1, 2011Some 1.4 billion people have no access to electricity and a billion more only have access to unreliable electricity networks. About 3 billion people rely on solid fuels (traditional biomass and coal) to meet their basic needs. Access to modern energy services for cooking and heating, lighting and communications, and mechanical power for productive uses is a vast area of unmet need. The energy access challenge is particularly acute in the least developed countries, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Promotion of Wind Energy: Lessons Learned from UNDP-GEF ProjectsJun 1, 2008The report provides a review of the active UNDP-GEF wind energy portfolio. It looks at the design, costs and efficiency of existing projects, drawing on the experience of 14 wind energy projects that have been financed through UNDP to help national governments implement wind energy public policies.

  • FAQs: How Do Rural Energy Services Reduce Poverty?Mar 1, 2005The document is a compilation of frequently asked questions about the multifunctional platform (MFP). It contains information about the role of energy services in poverty reduction, linkage between rural energy services and MDGs, MFPs and MDGs, scaling up MFPs, and policy issues.

  • Clean Energy for Development and Economic GrowthClean Energy for Development and Economic GrowthOct 1, 2002The document explores the linkages between renewable energy, poverty alleviation, sustainable development, and climate change in developing countries. In particular, the paper places emphasis on biomass-based energy systems. Biomass energy has a number of unique attributes that make it particularly suitable to climate change mitigation and community development applications.

  • Fact Sheet: Energy, Gender and Sustainable DevelopmentFact Sheet: Energy, Gender and Sustainable DevelopmentOct 19, 2007The fact sheet provides a brief overview on how access to better energy services can improve women's social, economic and political status. It notes that greater sensitivity to gender issues increases the effectiveness of energy programmes and policies, as well as other types of development activities that involve energy use.

  • Opportunities for Biomass Energy Programmes –Lessons Learned in Europe & the CISMar 1, 2007The report discusses the experiences and lessons learned from five UNDP-GEF biomass energy projects in Europe and the CIS. It focuses on lessons for biomass project development and implementation for market transformation in the region and makes recommendations for the development and implementation of new biomass projects.

  • Heating in TransitionOct 28, 2005The publication is the third issue of UNDP/GEF 'Lessons for the Future' series and it focuses on the evolution of the barrier removal model for service delivery, emerging trends in project financing and management issues relevant to heating projects. The analysis refers primarily to the 20 heating projects in the UNDP-GEF portfolio and pipeline.

  • The Energy Challenge for Achieving the Millennium Development GoalsJul 1, 2005The UN-Energy paper focuses on the importance of energy for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It was drafted collectively by the United Nations (UN) agencies, programmes and organizations working in the area of energy, reflecting their insights and expertise.

  • Greater quality and quantity of energy services lead to achievement of the MDGsOct 1, 2004The paper proposes that while there is no MDG specific to energy, it will be impossible to achieve the Goals without improving the quality and quantity of energy services. The paper notes that for UNDP, the types of energy services, rather than energy supplies, are highly critical to the achievement of the MDGs.

  • MDG Support Services - Energy Costing ToolOct 23, 2006A crucial part of developing MDG-based national development strategies is MDG costing, which quantifies the specific financial and human resources needed, as well as infrastructure required, to meet the MDGs. The Energy Costing Tool has been designed specifically to help government planners and decision makers estimate the amounts and types of energy investments required to meet the MDGs. more...

Fast Facts - Universal Energy Access

Universal access to modern energy services is achievable by 2030. There are no fundamental technical barriers, and proven and innovative solutions exist. The capital investment required for universal energy access represents only around 3 per cent of the total global energy investment. Governments must make universal energy access a top political priority. Practical, effective and large-scale actions are needed to invest in capacity development, mobilize public-private partnerships and massively scale up successful and innovative solutions to overcome extreme energy poverty.