Featured publications

  • Fast Facts: Universal Energy AccessJul 1, 2011Some 1.4 billion people have no access to electricity and a billion more only have access to unreliable electricity networks. About 3 billion people rely on solid fuels (traditional biomass and coal) to meet their basic needs. Access to modern energy services for cooking and heating, lighting and communications, and mechanical power for productive uses is a vast area of unmet need. The energy access challenge is particularly acute in the least developed countries, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

  • FAQs: How Do Rural Energy Services Reduce Poverty?Mar 1, 2005The document is a compilation of frequently asked questions about the multifunctional platform (MFP). It contains information about the role of energy services in poverty reduction, linkage between rural energy services and MDGs, MFPs and MDGs, scaling up MFPs, and policy issues.

  • Fact Sheet: Energy, Gender and Sustainable DevelopmentFact Sheet: Energy, Gender and Sustainable DevelopmentOct 19, 2007The fact sheet provides a brief overview on how access to better energy services can improve women's social, economic and political status. It notes that greater sensitivity to gender issues increases the effectiveness of energy programmes and policies, as well as other types of development activities that involve energy use.

  • Heating in TransitionOct 28, 2005The publication is the third issue of UNDP/GEF 'Lessons for the Future' series and it focuses on the evolution of the barrier removal model for service delivery, emerging trends in project financing and management issues relevant to heating projects. The analysis refers primarily to the 20 heating projects in the UNDP-GEF portfolio and pipeline.

  • The Energy Challenge for Achieving the Millennium Development GoalsJul 1, 2005The UN-Energy paper focuses on the importance of energy for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It was drafted collectively by the United Nations (UN) agencies, programmes and organizations working in the area of energy, reflecting their insights and expertise.

  • Greater quality and quantity of energy services lead to achievement of the MDGsOct 1, 2004The paper proposes that while there is no MDG specific to energy, it will be impossible to achieve the Goals without improving the quality and quantity of energy services. The paper notes that for UNDP, the types of energy services, rather than energy supplies, are highly critical to the achievement of the MDGs.

  • MDG Support Services - Energy Costing ToolOct 23, 2006A crucial part of developing MDG-based national development strategies is MDG costing, which quantifies the specific financial and human resources needed, as well as infrastructure required, to meet the MDGs. The Energy Costing Tool has been designed specifically to help government planners and decision makers estimate the amounts and types of energy investments required to meet the MDGs. more...

  • Expanding Energy Access in Developing Countries: The Role of Mechanical PowerNov 13, 2009This report, which is a product of joint work between UNDP and Practical Action, highlights the contribution of mechanical power to energy access in developing countries. It recommends that mechanical power as an energy service should be given the same consideration as other modern energy services by policy makers/practitioners responsible for improving energy access to poor communities worldwide.

  • Handbook for Conducting Technology Needs Assessment for Climate ChangeSep 15, 2009This advance document of the updated Technology Needs Assessment Handbook (TNA) provides a detailed framework for the development and implementation of technology needs assessments and in particular in the development of technology programmes and strategies in developing countries. Download this Document * Complete Report English

  • The Environment and Energy Thematic Trust Fund (EE TTF) 2013 Annual Report The Environment and Energy Thematic Trust Fund (EE TTF) 2013 Annual ReportSep 10, 2014

Fast Facts - Universal Energy Access

Universal access to modern energy services is achievable by 2030. There are no fundamental technical barriers, and proven and innovative solutions exist. The capital investment required for universal energy access represents only around 3 per cent of the total global energy investment. Governments must make universal energy access a top political priority. Practical, effective and large-scale actions are needed to invest in capacity development, mobilize public-private partnerships and massively scale up successful and innovative solutions to overcome extreme energy poverty.