Ecosystems and Biodiversity

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Measuring Impacts of Sustainable Land Management

The GEF-funded project ‘Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System’ (KM:Land), developed a suite of global and project-level indicators to measure global environmental benefits and local livelihood benefits. The indicators and accompanying conceptual framework are nowmore

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Morocco: Transhumance for Biodiversity Conservation in the Southern High Atlas

The Transhumance for Biodiversity Conservation in the Southern High Atlas (CBTHA) Project aims to conserve globally significant biodiversity in the productive landscape of the southern flank of the High Atlas through an innovative approach integrating pastoral range management with biodiversitymore

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Namibia: Strengthening the Protected Area Network

The Strengthening the Protected Area Network (SPAN) Project aims to strengthen the management effectiveness of the national protected area (PA) system in Namibia. The Project builds capacity for park management by removing existing barriers hindering the management performance of the PA system. Themore

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Natural Solutions: Protected Areas Helping People Cope with Climate Change

The report focuses on the essential role played by protected areas in reducing global climate change impacts and how to build and strengthen protected area systems. It introduces key policy and management developments which are needed for protected areas to function more effectively as a climatemore

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PES: Getting Started in Marine and Coastal Ecosystems – A Primer

The primer offers guidance on how to assess the potential for marine and coastal payments for ecosystem services (PES) and provides pointers for designing and planning PES transactions. It describes: the opportunities and risks of PES schemes; steps to developing PES projects; and considerations ofmore

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Protected Areas for the 21st Century

The report looks at how changing 21st Century expectations about the roles and functions of protected areas are beginning to shape protected area management around the world and identifies emerging best practices under a new paradigm that views protected areas as part of a planetary life supportmore

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Protecting Biodiversity in Production Landscapes

The report examines the impact of agricultural supply chains on biodiversity and provides recommendations for conservation policies to protect vital ecoystems. The ever increasing world population is placing great strains on biodiversity and the ecosystem services that support the production ofmore

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Realising REDD: Implications of Ghana’s Current Legal Framework for Trees

The paper, by the Katoomba Group, provides a brief overview of REDD implications of Ghana’s legal framework for trees and associated benefit‐sharing mechanisms. It notes that the current legislative framework for forestry presents some problems and challenges that could impede implementation ofmore

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State of Biodiversity Markets: Offset and Compensation Programs Worldwide

The report provides the status and trends of biodiversity offset and compensatory mitigation programs by geographical region. It summarizes the total active programs and developing activities, and broad metrics like total known payments and land area protected. It also analyzes the characteristicsmore

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The Power of Local Action: Lessons from 10 Years of the Equator Prize

The Equator Initiative brings together the United Nations, governments, civil society, businesses and grassroots organizations to recognize and advance local sustainable development solutions for people, nature and resilient communities. Since 2002, the Equator Prize has been awarded to 127more

Fast Facts
Fast Facts: Biodiversity and Ecosystems

Human survival and wellbeing depend upon biodiversity and healthy ecosystems, and the goods and services they provide—such as food, medicines, crop pollination, filtration of pollutants, and protection from natural disasters. This contribution is neither fully recognized nor valued in markets.  As a result, ecosystems, species and genes—the building blocks of biodiversity—are being degraded at an unparalleled pace as natural resources are being exploited without consideration for their broader ecosystem and economic values. The poor, especially in rural areas, face the most severe impacts of such changes as they directly depend on ecosystem goods and services for their survival and wellbeing.