Ecosystems and Biodiversity

  • Making the Case for Ecosystem-based AdaptationDec 4, 2015Making the Case for Ecosystem-based AdaptationMaking the Case for Ecosystem-based Adaptation: Building on the Mountain EbA Programme in Nepal, Peru and Uganda, is a legacy document of the EbA Mountain Programme, delivered through a partnership between the German Government, UNEP, UNDP and IUCN, together with the Governments of Nepal, Peru and Uganda.

  • Legal Empowerment Strategies at WorkJun 12, 2014Legal Empowerment Strategies at Work

  • Linking Poverty Reduction and Environmental ManagementJul 30, 2002Linking Poverty Reduction and Environmental ManagementThe report focuses on ways to reduce poverty and sustain growth by improving environmental management. It demonstrates that sound and equitable management of the environment is integral to achieving the MDGs, and argues for a coherent, focused framework for action, with clear goals and achievable targets backed up by adequate resources and effective and transparent monitoring mechanisms.

  • Oct 9, 2008Making REDD work for the Poor - A PEP ReportThe report presents a framework for understanding the linkages between Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) and poverty. It is the culmination of collaborative analysis and synthesis of the social dimensions of REDD. It presents 10 required conditions that will ensure that the implementation of REDD mechanisms yields benefits for the rural poor in developing countries.

  • Oct 1, 2009Realising REDD: Implications of Ghana’s Current Legal Framework for TreesThe paper, by the Katoomba Group, provides a brief overview of REDD implications of Ghana’s legal framework for trees and associated benefit‐sharing mechanisms. It notes that the current legislative framework for forestry presents some problems and challenges that could impede implementation of REDD strategies in Ghana. The paper concludes with ways to address these challenges.

  • Apr 27, 2007Gender Dimensions of Intellectual Property and Traditional Medicinal KnowledgeThe paper outlines the debates on intellectual property (IP) protection vis-à-vis other systems for protecting the communal nature of traditional medicinal plant knowledge. The paper uses a gender lens to understand how IP and trade policies affect disempowered peoples, particularly women and men whose livelihoods depend on the collection and harvesting of traditional medicines.

  • Natural Solutions: Protected Areas Helping People Cope with Climate ChangeFeb 13, 2010Natural Solutions: Protected Areas Helping People Cope with Climate ChangeThe report focuses on the essential role played by protected areas in reducing global climate change impacts and how to build and strengthen protected area systems. It introduces key policy and management developments which are needed for protected areas to function more effectively as a climate change response mechanism.

  • Mar 1, 2006Community Action to Conserve BiodiversityThe report presents thirty case studies from the SGP and the Equator Initiative's portfolio to document and draw preliminary lessons from the successes of community-based biodiversity enterprises. While these cases are selected from across Latin America and the Caribbean and initially emerged from an international workshop in Merida, Mexico, they offer valuable lessons for a global agenda.

  • Mar 1, 2010Namibia: Strengthening the Protected Area NetworkThe Strengthening the Protected Area Network (SPAN) Project aims to strengthen the management effectiveness of the national protected area (PA) system in Namibia. The Project builds capacity for park management by removing existing barriers hindering the management performance of the PA system. The case study highlights key elements of project success and lessons learned.

  • Feb 1, 2010PES: Getting Started in Marine and Coastal Ecosystems – A PrimerThe primer offers guidance on how to assess the potential for marine and coastal payments for ecosystem services (PES) and provides pointers for designing and planning PES transactions. It describes: the opportunities and risks of PES schemes; steps to developing PES projects; and considerations of PES for poverty reduction.

Fast Facts

Human survival and wellbeing depend upon biodiversity and healthy ecosystems, and the goods and services they provide—such as food, medicines, crop pollination, filtration of pollutants, and protection from natural disasters. This contribution is neither fully recognized nor valued in markets.  As a result, ecosystems, species and genes—the building blocks of biodiversity—are being degraded at an unparalleled pace as natural resources are being exploited without consideration for their broader ecosystem and economic values. The poor, especially in rural areas, face the most severe impacts of such changes as they directly depend on ecosystem goods and services for their survival and wellbeing.