Ecosystems and Biodiversity

  • Measuring Impacts of Sustainable Land ManagementJul 11, 2011
    The GEF-funded project ‘Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System’ (KM:Land), developed a suite of global and project-level indicators to measure global environmental benefits and local livelihood benefits. The indicators and accompanying conceptual framework are now being adopted and adapted by both the GEF and UNCCD in their efforts to measure impacts of their respective strategies to combat land degradation.

  • Guidelines: Ensuring Impacts from SLM – Development of a Global Indicator SystemGuidelines: Ensuring Impacts from SLM – Development of a Global Indicator SystemJul 11, 2011
    The guidelines, by the GEF-funded project ‘Ensuring Impacts from SLM - Development of a Global Indicator System’, presents a set of four global impact indicators and their methodologies which, when taken together, can be used to determine the trends in combating land degradation and desertification through sustainable land management practices that improve the productivity of agro-ecosystems.

  • Local Business for Global Biodiversity ConservationLocal Business for Global Biodiversity ConservationAug 31, 2003
    The guidebook aims to support biodiversity projects implemented by UNDP/GEF in planning viable and alternative livelihoods to reduce threats to local natural resources. It proposes that by adopting a focused strategy for small business development, conservation planners can help local communities participate actively in sustainable management of nearby ecosystems and biodiversity.

  • State of Biodiversity Markets: Offset and Compensation Programs WorldwideState of Biodiversity Markets: Offset and Compensation Programs WorldwideJan 1, 2010
    The report provides the status and trends of biodiversity offset and compensatory mitigation programs by geographical region. It summarizes the total active programs and developing activities, and broad metrics like total known payments and land area protected. It also analyzes the characteristics of offset programs and looks at recent developments in nascent and existing programs in the region.

  • Katoomba Incubator: The REDD Opportunities Scoping Exercise (ROSE)Katoomba Incubator: The REDD Opportunities Scoping Exercise (ROSE)Dec 1, 2009
    A tool called the REDD Opportunities Scoping Exercise (ROSE) classifies and prioritizes potential REDD+ subnational activities, and assesses critical constraints to project development, especially those associated with the national legal and institutional framework for carbon finance. The document presents the ROSE approach and process as applied in Tanzania, Uganda and Ghana in 2009.

  • Katoomba Ecosystem Services IncubatorJun 15, 2008
    The Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator contributes to developing model transactions in the nascent ecosystem services markets benefiting low-income rural people and imperiled biodiversity by providing targeted support to promising small-scale community-based projects with potential for long-term financial viability. The publication provides an overview of the Incubator.

  • Key Results & Lessons from the UNDP-GEF Biodiversity PortfolioMar 10, 2010
    The report presents and evaluates the results and lessons mined from all GEF funded UNDP biodiversity projects in five regions. It concludes with a summary of some of the future challenges that confront UNDP programme countries in seeking to conserve their biodiversity while attaining their economic and social development objectives.

  • A Guide for Countries Preparing Third National Reports to the CBDA Guide for Countries Preparing Third National Reports to the CBDNov 1, 2005
    The guidelines, developed under the UNDP/GEF Project "National Reporting to the CBD: Supporting countries to prepare the Third National Report on Biodiversity", are designed to assist all those agencies, institutions and individuals within a country whose participation and input are needed to prepare the third national report in the way envisaged by the Conference of the Parties to the CBD.

  • Habitat Banking in Latin America and the CaribbeanHabitat Banking in Latin America and the CaribbeanOct 28, 2010
    The report provides an assessment of the feasibility of building successful habitat mitigation banking schemes in the Latin America and Caribbean region, highlighting the value and opportunity for countries to adopt banking approaches to supplement their traditional conservation strategies.

  • Biodiversity, Development and Poverty AlleviationMar 20, 2010
    The booklet, titled "Biodiversity, Development and Poverty Alleviation: Recognizing the Role of Biodiversity for Human Well-being", aims to demystify and illustrate biodiversity's contribution to development in its various dimensions and to offer some avenues for human and economic development that recognize, maintain and restore biodiversity.

Fast Facts
Fast Facts: Biodiversity and Ecosystems

Human survival and wellbeing depend upon biodiversity and healthy ecosystems, and the goods and services they provide—such as food, medicines, crop pollination, filtration of pollutants, and protection from natural disasters. This contribution is neither fully recognized nor valued in markets.  As a result, ecosystems, species and genes—the building blocks of biodiversity—are being degraded at an unparalleled pace as natural resources are being exploited without consideration for their broader ecosystem and economic values. The poor, especially in rural areas, face the most severe impacts of such changes as they directly depend on ecosystem goods and services for their survival and wellbeing.