Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanisms for South-South and Triangular Development Cooperation: lessons from Brazil for the 2030 Agenda
This paper aims to review monitoring and evaluation (M&E) practices from different institutions involved in SSDC/TrC in a key Southern partner, Brazil, systematizing the main lessons, opportunities and obstacles for their improvement in a post-2015 context.
In particular, the paper aims to: (a) map out what has been done so far in M&E by the institutions executing SSDC/TrC in the country; (b) understand how the main stakeholders perceived Brazilian SSC/TrC M&E and particularly its conception and application of SSC principles, measuring process, results and impact, innovative approaches; (c) analyse lessons to inform policies and practices of the development community; and (d) contribute to global initiatives and debates that aim to build better M&E frameworks for SSDC/TrC, including efforts promoted by the Network of Southern Think Tanks (NeST).
The main hypothesis tested in this paper is that Brazilian SSDC/TrC M&E systems and practices are heterogeneous, focused on outputs and shaped by the Brazilian Cooperation Agency’s (ABC) parameters as well as those of the executing institutions (such as ministries, public-private enterprises).
In order to test such hypotheses, the methodology the authors employed was based on literature and document review, and conducting interviews with domestic and international institutions engaged in Brazilian SSDC/TrC provision. The method employed aimed to describe and interpret interviewees’ perspectives on M&E systems and practices within their institutions and amid the broader context of Brazilian development cooperation. The research team tried to identify a set of concepts and practices that could be assembled in different perspectives between sectors and/or institutional loci.