CLIMATE RISK MANAGEMENT FOR AGRICULTURE IN PERU: FOCUS ON THE REGIONS OF JUNÍN AND PIURA
This report presents the main results of a climate risk and risk management capacity assessment for Peru, with a thematic focus on the agricultural sector in the regions of Junín and Piura, conducted as part of the Climate Risk Management Technical Assistance Support Project (CRM TASP) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The combination of scientific and participatory research streams, including literature reviews, community consultations, agroclimatic risk evaluation, policy and capacity assessments, provides a basis for identifying climate risks in the focus sector and regions and prioritizing measures to manage them. A range of national government agencies and consultants were involved in the research.
Peru is a middle-income country that has seen an economic boom over the last decade; however, it still faces enormous development challenges. A huge development gap exists between urban and rural areas, which is mirrored in regional differences between the coastal regions and the highland and Amazon regions. The national development strategy, ‘Plan Bicentenario,’ aims to reduce poverty; improve education, health, water and sanitation, and governmental effectiveness; increase growth, investment, formal employment and electricity production; reduce deforestation; and extend irrigation, among other things. Peru’s agricultural sector is divided in to modern, traditional, internal and subsistence-oriented subsectors. Land tenure is fragmented, while competitiveness, profits and investments are low. Barley, cassava, maize, potatoes, rice, wheat, asparagus, onions, grapes, mangoes, plantains, coffee and sugarcane are the most important crops in terms of cultivated area, production quantities and value. The Government aims to grow the sector by 7 percent a year, thereby reducing rural poverty and creating employment. Agriculture is also a key sector in both focus regions, Junín and Piura, employing about one-third of the population in both areas and producing a wide variety of crops across different climatic subregions.