The humanitarian, security and development crisis in Iraq is amongst the most volatile and severe in the Arab States region. The conflict with the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and military operations to retake territory have displaced over 5 million Iraqis and driven over 11 million into humanitarian need. The crisis has also deepened Iraq’s socio-economic challenges, as communities across the country have come under severe strain.
At the request of the Prime Minister of Iraq, and with strong support from leading members of the Coalition to Degrade and Defeat ISIL, UNDP established the Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS) in June 2015 to assist the Government to stabilize liberated areas and promote post-conflict recovery.
The FFS approach is swift. Within days of a city being declared safe, teams conduct damage assessments and agree on priorities with local authorities. These include: repairing essential public infrastructure including water systems and electricity grids; employing youth on work brigades to remove rubble, open transport routes and revitalize the city; providing cash grants to small businesses to reopen, and rehabilitating schools, health centres and municipal buildings.
Through FFS, we work in 28 cities newly liberated from ISIL control, reaching over two million Iraqis. Over 1,100 projects are currently underway, including 400 in Mosul. More than 95% of all stabilization projects are delivered through the local private sector, employing local labor, which helps IDPs return home.
UNDP is also implementing more than 200 projects in support of minorities such as Christians and Yazidis. Detailed figures are available in this fact sheet.
- FFS has contributed to the return of 2.2 million Iraqis to their homes in newly liberated areas, out of the 5.4 million Iraqis displaced as a result of conflict.
- The Facility is currently implementing more than 1,200 projects valuing nearly US$600 million. These efforts have:
- Improved water supply for more than 800,000 people
- Restored electricity for more than 500,000 people
- Rehabilitated 52 health clinics serving more than 1.4 million people
- Rebuilt schools for more than 120,000 boys and girls, who are now back in classrooms