11 Jul 2014
Ozonnia Ojielo, Coordinator for Conflict Prevention and Recovery
A woman greets members of the Technical Support Committee of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework in Mugunga IDP camp near Goma, DR Congo. Photo: Sylvain Liechti/UN
The 2014 Global Peace Index, which was released last week, revealed that the world has become less peaceful every year since 2008.
It also showed that the global economic impact of violence is USD 9.8 trillion – or 11.3 percent of global GDP.
While many developing countries have made tremendous progress in reducing poverty over the last decade, these are depressing numbers. However, they reiterate that peace and stability – and the prevention of violent conflict — are inherently tied to sustainable development.
A less peaceful world is a much more challenging place to fight inequality and want. Countries experiencing repeated cycles of violence face poverty at significantly higher rates. People in unstable and conflict-affected countries are more than twice as likely to be under-nourished as those in other developing countries; and children in conflict zones are more than three times less likely to be able to attend school, and twice as likely to die before the age of five. Nine out of 10 countries with the lowest human development index have experienced conflict within the past 20 years.
We must double down on efforts to mitigate risk and prevent the loss of development investment when conflict strikes. Success today depends …