Food habits are changing, our population is growing, and – owing to human-induced climate change – many of the development gains of the past decades will be hindered.
Without adaptation to climate change in agriculture sectors, it will not be possible to achieve food security for all and eradicate hunger, malnutrition and poverty.
We know the world’s poorest people and countries are particularly hard hit by climate change. Smallholder producers – farmers, herders, fishers, forest-dependent communities, as well as women and indigenous people – are among the most vulnerable, as their subsistence almost entirely relies on natural resources. Lives and livelihoods are at risk if we don’t take action now.
So how do we achieve the goal of Zero Hunger and safeguard livelihoods, all while adapting to the adverse effects of climate change, achieving Nationally Determined Contributions and protecting development gains?
Under current scenarios, it is estimated that we will have to increase food production by a whopping 50 percent to feed the extra 2 billion people that will live on our planet by 2050.
More concerning still, we seem to be backsliding on our goal of ending hunger by 2030, with recent estimates showing that after steadily declining over the past decade, global hunger appears to be on the rise, now affecting more than 1 out of 10 people. The estimated number of undernourished people increased from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016.
These rising demands seem to clash with goals to reduce greenhouse gasses and build a climate-resilient, zero-emission future. But because they are wholly interconnected, finding better linkages between baseline development, climate drivers and climate change will be a central component in reaching the Paris Agreement’s goals and building a future without hunger.
So how do we address these issues?
To start with, we have a commitment to end hunger, as the vast majority of world leaders agreed to do when adopting the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015.