24 Sep 2014
Gary Lewis, Resident Coordinator, IR Iran
The Carbon Sequestration Project's achievements prove that degraded lands can be economically and feasibly restored by, and for, local communities. Photo: Sadaf Nikzad/UNDP Iran
According to climate change predictions, the Middle East faces a hotter, drier future.
Iran sits at the very centre of the Middle East. About 80 per cent of its surface is already arid or semi-arid, and the challenge of desertification is literally creeping up on us. Some have called it “The Silent Earthquake of the Century”.
In many parts of Iran this has been caused by sheep herders letting their flocks overgraze the land. Sometimes it is caused by villagers breaking off rangeland shrubs for firewood.
Because much of this problem is man-made, it can be fixed. To re-green desert rangelands, what you need is to replant. Shrubs saplings are incubated and watered until they are ready to be transplanted into holes dug by the community. When hundreds of thousands of these shrubs grow over hectares, this creates a small biosphere which allows other vegetation and wildlife to return. Such newly-greened biospheres sustain people’s livelihoods in a number of ways.
But, in order for these areas not to be overgrazed again or used for fuel-wood, you need the ‘buy-in’ of the community to preserve and protect them.
I have seen this process at work successfully with the “Carbon Project”, a community-development-plus-environmental …