Ms. Cao Lin
The Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA) is one of the largest EU-UNDP assistance programmes in Central Asia since 2003.
The program is funded by the European Union and is implemented by the UNDP with the aim of promoting stability and security of Central Asian states through the Integrated Border Management (IBM) and Regional Cooperation. The BOMCA Programme is implemented through UNDP offices in all five Central Asian states. It is currently in the Phase 8, which commenced in June 2011.
The overall objectives of this phase are to help increase security in Central Asia, to contribute toward the facilitation of legitimate trade and transit, and to reduce the illicit movement of goods and people.
The BOMCA Programme in Turkmenistan has been implemented by UNDP since 2004. The main areas of Phase 8 activities of the Programme include enhancing professional skills, counter-drug capacity building and horizontal tasks. To this end, the Progamme is continuously cooperating with its four main national counterparts in Turkmenistan: the State Border Service, the State Customs Service, the State Migration Service and the State Service for the Security of Healthy Society.
Through the activities of the phase 8, the BOMCA Programme has been active in the fields of enhancing professional skills of the staff of national border management agencies by offering national and regional trainings together with the International Center for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD). Within the current phase of BOMCA Programme specialized and support equipment was provided for the use by the Dog Handler’s Unite of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan.
Through its component on strengthening counter drug capacities in agencies working at borders, the Programme organizes annual regional meetings of the representatives of relevant agencies on integration and networking of DPUs into regional information sharing structures in close collaboration with CARICC. National trainings on intelligence gathering and analysis in the counter drug field are carried out annually.
Communication and collaborative mechanisms have been put in place via regular regional workshops to establish Training Consortia for the Customs Services of Central Asia and development of Training Curricula in thematic areas. Similar mechanisms have been put in place for the Border Guards, in June of 2013 BOMCA has held the regional meeting for the Border Guard services.
The horizontal tasks of BOMCA 8 of organization of annual CABSI conference that was held in Ashgabat where the senior level of Border Guard Service representatives shared their experiences and new ideas for cooperation of Central Asian countries on border issues. As well, to bring the innovations to improve the cooperation between 5 countries and to involve the Border Guard service of Afghanistan to discuss current border management and security activities and to promote a comprehensive and sustainable integrated border management approach in the region.
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