Strengthening Thailand's capacity to link climate change with public finance

Why it's important


The 2011 flood disaster in Thailand was a not-so-gentle reminder that the country is prone to climate-related risks, which include intense rainfall, as well as tropical storms and cyclones, storm surges and even drought. It also reminded us that planning and coordination can reduce the negative impact of these risks and the extent to which they cause livelihood and economic damage to the country. Thailand is progressing towards a low carbon and climate resilient society, as set out in its 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan. The arrival of its national climate change master plan marks the first time that climate change issues have become an explicit goal on the national development agenda. To succeed, though, public finance needs to be aligned to climate change policies.

The role of UNDP

UNDP aims to support Thailand in allocating and using its public finances effectively and efficiently in order to achieve national objectives on climate change and green growth. This three-year project builds on UNDP’s successful record of partnership with Thai counterparts, working closely this time with the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP), as well as the National Economics and Social Development Board, the Fiscal Policy Office, and the Bureau of Budget. It encourages knowledge and awareness building and sharing by facilitating workshops and forums, offering technical advice and training, and monitoring and evaluating the project’s progress, and the impact of various measures implemented throughout its course.

What are the project's goals?



1. Build Thailand’s institutional capacity to integrate climate change objectives into relevant policy and planning processes

To ensure money is allocated and used in line with Thailand’s climate change goals, policies on climate change need to be explicit and consistent. With this in mind, the project will support the review and evaluation of the impact of key climate change policies. It will also strengthen the ability of relevant institutions to review and evaluate policy interventions.

2. Enhance understanding of how government budgets impact climate change

Here, the focus is on enabling the analysis of budget allocations to climate change policies. We’ll help develop tools that make links between the budget and climate policy clearer. Training will also be given to parliamentary committees, private sector and civil society institutions or individuals, and media, so that can they can promote accountability for the use of public resources to achieve climate change objectives.

3. Enable Thailand to take a leading position in South-South cooperation and innovation in linking climate changing and public funding, particularly among ASEAN countries.

Thailand’s neighbouring countries will be able to learn from the country’s experiences in this area and Thailand can benefit from the knowledge and experience of other countries in this field. Best practices will be exchanged, along with lessons learnt, and regional networks can strengthen international discussion about channeling international climate finance at country level.

4. Ultimately, devise a successful approach to climate change and public finance that is sustainable

We deliberately work with existing institutional arrangements at country level, and incorporate institutional capacity building into the project, in a bid to ensure long-term success and change. In a similar vein, the programme’s limited funds and resources are deliberately channelled into augmenting existing government-led reforms and programmes, adding value to what already exists.

Who finances it?

Total resources required: US$ 550,275

Donors: UNDP in Thailand US$300,000

             SIDA through UNDP Asia Pacific Regional Centre US$250,275

Project Overview
Status
Ongoing
Project start date
June 2013
Estimated end date
December 2015
Focus area
Climate Change
MDG
MDG 7
Project officer
Pawin Talerngsri
Implementing partner
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP)
Key partners
Bureau of Budget, Fiscal Policy Office, Office of National Economics and Social Development Board