Climate change effects are increasingly evident: flooding, droughts and environmental degradation are more severe; contributing to changing of (or shifting of) cropping patterns whilst rising sea levels are having detrimental consequences in coastal cities and communities.
In climate Change, UNDP is supporting Government in finalizing a National Climate Change response strategy and initiating the development of the Tanzania National Adaptation Plan. UNDP has also initiated a number of projects to address climate change including:
Supporting Government (both Union and Zanzibar) in mainstreaming climate change into national development plans and strengthening capacity for climate change governance.These initiatives aim to strengthen the capacity of the Government of Tanzania (and Zanzibar) to improve the level of information available and awareness among the general public and rural communities on climate change impacts and adaptation strategies.
UNDP is also supporting the Goverment in REDD(Reduction of Emissions,deforestation & degradation)initiative which is about the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
The energy sector has quite a significant impact on the performance of the economy as a whole. However, Tanzania has serious energy problems despite the fact that it is endowed with diverse energy resources including biomass, natural gas, hydro, coal, geothermal, solar, wind and uranium, much of which is untapped. Wood-fuel accounts for up to 90% of total national energy consumption, with about 2% from electricity and 8% from petroleum products. Solar, coal, wind and other renewable energy sources account for only 0.5% of total energy consumption.
In energy resources, UNDP is supporting Government in promoting implementation of low-carbon and efficient energy strategies, including the utilization of renewable energy technologies in rural areas.
UNDP is also supporting Government to develop the model for scaling up Renewable Energy technologies in rural communities;
In addition UNDP is also facilitating a process for developing an ambitious programme (2013-2015) for scaling-up the adoption of renewable energy technologies in Tanzania, including solar, biogas, mini-hydro, geothermal energy etc.
Sustainable Energy for All initiative (SE4ALL).The UN-led Sustainable Energy for All initiative (SE4All) is a major opportunity for Tanzania to receive further support from development partners for improving the energy sector. In this intiative,UNDP is already playing a key coordination and technical assistance role around the three goals of the SE4ALL, namely, energy access, renewable energy and energy efficiency.