In-depth

Households benefitting from electricity provided by Mini Hydro Power Plant (MHPP), UNDP EEP
Households benefitting from electricity provided by Mini Hydro Power Plant (MHPP), Photo by UNDP EEP

UNDP Tajikistan strives to contribute towards environmental sustainability through promotion of renewable energy, and strengthening capacities to address environmental and natural resources management challenges in Tajikistan.

These challenges are being addressed through a number of initiatives on integrated water resources, climate risk, transport and chemicals (HCFC) management, through promoting market development for small hydropower, agro-biodiversity conservation and preparation of the national communication to the UNFCCC.

Under the Energy and Environment portfolio, UNDP prioritizes work on policy advice to support evidence based reform in the water sector, concentrating on an enabling environment for coordination and a unified approach to policy development. Thereby we focus on a harmonized reform process at the national level, and improved water management, cooperation and conflict mitigation at the regional level. Our support includes inventory of irrigation and drinking water supply systems, proposals on tariff policy improvement towards full cost recovery, advice on a model institutional framework for drinking and irrigation water, policy briefs to strengthen good governance, transparency, accountability and citizen participation in this sector. Moreover, UNDP leads a review of water use and management in the transboundary Isfara river basin shared between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, which serves as a ground for the establishment of transboundary water cooperation mechanisms.

UNDP’s role has been pivotal in presenting the energy challenges of Tajikistan at the highest level. Tajikistan has been selected as a pilot country for the UN Secretary General’s Initiative “Sustainable Energy For All”. UNDP facilitates the dialogue between stakeholders and, as part of its support, also provided technical expertise in the development of the Rapid Assessment and Gap Analysis for Energy Sector. Within its GEF-funded initiative, UNDP also facilitates technology transfer for the development of small hydropower by building capacities of different stakeholders to efficiently deploy small hydropower technologies.

UNDP also concentrates on the development of recommendations for enhancing the public transport management in Dushanbe, and supports the development of national policies for agrobiodiversity conservation. Through our support to the development of the Third National Communication to the UNFCCC, UNDP strives to strengthen national capacities in climate change research. UNDP recently started the implementation of the initiative on phase out of chlorofluorocarbons in Tajikistan, thus supporting the Government in the implementation of its obligations with relation to the Montreal Protocol.

In Tajikistan, UNDP also leads the implementation of a joint UNDP-UNEP Poverty and Environment Initiative (PEI) supporting country-level efforts to mainstream environmental management into national and sub-national planning processes through technical assistance and capacity development. Building on the rural development work and benefiting from partnerships with local authorities and a network of 120 Community Based Organizations (so-called Jamoat Resource Centers (JRC)), established by UNDP’s Communities Programme, the Poverty Environment Initiative with its modest resources, has been able to achieve significant results in mainstreaming environmental considerations into development planning at the district level.

In Tajikistan, the UNDP/GEF Small Grants Programme provides support to local community based organizations and civil society organizations (CBOs, CSOs, NGOs) through provision of the small grants for implementation of the grass-root community projects within the GEF focal areas aligned with global environmental conventions.