6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where we are?

Sri Lanka is experiencing signs of a low-level truncated HIV/AIDS epidemic, concentrated among sex workers, men who have sex with men, and drug users in potential high transmittance settings. Still it remains as one of the few countries in the region with a low-level HIV epidemic.  However, with a large migration population (internal a well as externally), and increasing tourist arrivals, there is a potential danger in increasing infection rates.

Even though spread of malaria occurs mainly in the dry zone of Sri Lanka, the situation is improving significantly. Though there has been a significant decline in the incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) over the years, However, Sri Lanka may have to launch special programmes to achieve the target of halving the incidence and death rate due to tuberculosis.

1.7 years
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs