Korea’s Anti-Corruption Assessment Piloted in 63 Provinces of VietnamMar 17, 2017
The UNDP Seoul Policy Centre (USPC), in partnership with the UNDP Vietnam Country Office, the Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission (ACRC) of the Republic of Korea, and the Government Inspectorate of Vietnam, organized a national workshop in Hanoi to review the outcome of the 2016 Provincial Anti-Corruption Assessment (PACA) Tool, developed based on the successful experience of the Korean ACRC’s Anti-Corruption Initiative Assessment (AIA) tool and experiences. PACA was piloted in all 63 provincial people’s committees of Vietnam within less than two years.
The AIA is an annual exercise for corruption prevention in the Republic of Korea since 2002 and now covers more than 250 public institutions. It assesses the effectiveness of Korean public sector organizations in implementing the government’s anti-corruption policies and initiatives. Every year, all assessment scores are publicized and organizations are ranked.
Within the framework of “strengthening the implementation of the UN Convention Against Corruption and the role of non-state actors to support anti-corruption efforts of the Government of Viet Nam,” this indicators- and evidence-based anti-corruption assessment was conducted with technical support from USPC, UNDP Vietnam and the Korean ACRC with the aim to increase Vietnam’s capacity, efficacy, and political will to monitor institutional measures for corruption prevention in the public sector.
With over 150 participants gathered in the workshop, the Government Inspectorate of Vietnam and UNDP exchanged information on the assessment method used by the local provincial governments, and provided a forum for various Government agencies, key ministries, research institutes, anti-corruption assessment experts, members of academia, international development partners and provincial government representatives to discuss the results and the issues related to the implementation of the assessment tool, its applicability to the Vietnamese context, and its impact on the ongoing anti-corruption efforts in Vietnam.
In his opening speech, the Vice Chairperson of the ACRC, Mr. Kyung-ho Park, congratulated the Vietnamese Government for successfully carrying out the PACA pilot program. “We hope that Korea’s AIA will contribute to increasing the anti-corruption efforts of Vietnam’s public institutions. The ACRC will continue to support the implementation of the AIA tool in Vietnam and will take away some good lessons from the Vietnamese experience as well,” he said.
The Director of ACRC’s Anti-Corruption Policy Division delivered a technical presentation on the AIA experiences in Korea. Vietnam’s provincial government representatives, as well as participants from CSOs and the academia also presented on existing anti-corruption efforts and instruments in a comparative context. The ACRC and USPC participants also contributed to discussions on prospective plans to expand the assessment to district, ministerial and sectorial levels and provided feedback on the results of the PACA.
In the discussions, PACA was assessed as “a first step in building a national database on anti-corruption efforts that will eventually help the Party and State leaders keep track of progress as well as shortcomings in terms of anti-corruption work in Vietnam”, as well as “contributing to the establishment of an anti-corruption culture at every institution and organization at the provincial level, as well as improving efficient coordination between the Government Inspectorate and the Provincial People’s Committees”.
“Many other countries are taking interest in what Vietnam is doing with Korea’s experience, and I have confidence that this initiative will serve as a model example for strategic triangular development among Korea, Vietnam and UNDP,” said the Director of USPC, Mr. Balazs Horvath, in his concluding remarks.
The project is part of USPC’s Development Solutions Partnerships (DSPs), which is an approach for USPC, initiated in 2014, to act as a knowledge broker and facilitator to connect Korea with the wider UNDP network and enhance the Korea-UNDP partnership on strategic development issues. Anti-corruption is one of the key areas of USPC’s current work. For the AIA DSP in Vietnam, USPC has also partnered with UNDP’s global anti-corruption programme based in Singapore.
USPC was established in 2011, tasked with representing UNDP in Korea, working with Korea on international issues, and on sharing Korea’s development experiences and lessons learnt with other countries through UNDP’s global network.
In the margins of the workshop, ACRC’s Vice Chairperson and the USPC Director met with relevant high-level officials from the Vietnamese Government, including the Chairman of the Party Central Commission of Internal Affairs, the Deputy General Inspector and the Vice Chairman of the office of the Government, to discuss continued support for the further implementation of the AIA in Vietnam.
The workshop took place on 16 March, 2017, in Hanoi, Vietnam.