Energy

  • Carbon Markets

    Carbon markets aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions cost-effectively by setting limits on emissions and enabling the trading of emission units.

  • Climate Credit Mechanisms

    Market mechanisms that enable entities, for which the cost of reducing emissions is high, to pay low-cost emitters for carbon credits that they can use towards meeting their emission-reduction obligations. An example is the Clean Development Mechanism.

  • Crowdfunding

    Approach for projects, organizations, entrepreneurs, and startups to raise money for their causes from multiple individual donors or investors.

  • Enterprise Challenge Funds

    Funding instrument that distributes grants (or concessional finance) to profit-seeking projects on a competitive basis.

  • Green Bonds

    Bonds where proceeds are invested exclusively in projects that generate climate or other environmental benefits.

  • Impact Investment

    Investments made with the intention to generate a measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return.

  • Lotteries

    Governments and civil society groups use lotteries as a means of raising funds for benevolent purposes such as education, health, preservation of historic sites and nature conservation.

  • Public Guarantees

    Guarantees can mobilize and leverage commercial financing by mitigating and/or protecting risks, notably commercial default or political risks.

  • Taxes on Fuel

    The sale tax any individual or firm who purchases fuel for his/her automobile or home heating pays. Fuel taxes can reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions while generating public revenues.

  • Taxes on Renewable Natural Capital (water; timber)

    Any fee, charge or tax charged on the extraction and/or use of renewable natural capital (e.g. timber or water).

Latest blogs

  • Impact investment to close the SDG funding gap

    A look at the current state of development funding shows a stark contrast between the price tag to eliminate poverty and protect the planet by 2030, and the actual financial resources that are available. Impact investing can close this gap.Read more 

  • What does ‘risk-informed’ development finance really look like?

    How to tackle various forms of risk – from extreme weather events to commodity price shocks, disease outbreaks and over-indebtedness – was high on the agenda of the 2017 Financing for Development (FfD) Forum at the UN. it is unsurprising there is renewed interest in financial instruments and innovations designed to reduce vulnerability to risk – and to help countries cope when crises occur.Read more 

  • Not just more, but better – effective financing of the SDGs

    Bankrolling sustainable development cannot happen through global financing agendas alone, but should instead be built from a bottom-up, holistic and context-driven approach. As countries strive to manage increasingly complex financing flows at the national level, as domestic public and private resources increase, and as the sources of external resources diversify, we need urgent and targeted solutions.Read more 

  • Dollars and 'sense': Paying for our planet

    As it is the International Year of Sustainable Tourism, it is worth noting the role biodiversity and ecosystems play as the backbone of tourism in many places, and the crucial role that the tourism sector can play in conserving biodiversity. This is undeniably a nexus to pursue, particularly for financing effective conservation. Read more 

  • To leave no one behind, Least Developed Countries need new financing tools

    Current domestic resources and ODA combined will be insufficient to finance the 2030 Agenda. Against this background, the 48 Least Developed Countries’ abilities to harness and make effective use of a broader suite of financing instruments to fund their sustainable development becomes a development imperative.Read more 

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