Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production

  • Green Bonds

    Bonds where proceeds are invested exclusively in projects that generate climate or other environmental benefits.

  • Impact Investment Jun 10, 2016

    Investments made with the intention to generate a measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return.

  • Lotteries

    Governments and civil society groups use lotteries as a means of raising funds for benevolent purposes such as education, health, preservation of historic sites and nature conservation.

  • Taxes on Pesticides and Chemical Fertilizers

    Taxes on certain pesticides and chemical fertilizers can mobilize fiscal revenues while mitigating the negative effects associated with pesticide/fertilizers application and promoting sustainable agriculture practices.

  • Taxes on Tobacco

    Excise taxes on tobacco products can raise fiscal revenues, improve health and well-being, and address market failures.

  • Voluntary Standards (finance)

    Standards applicable to the financial sector that capture good practices and encourage the achievement and monitoring of social and environmental outcomes.

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