Regulatory

Any solution that involves a regulatory reform, i.e. the imposition of a certain behaviour through the law or a regulation. The financing solutions that encompass a regulatory reform are listed below.

  • Biodiversity Offsets

    Measurable conservation outcomes resulting from actions that compensate for significant residual adverse biodiversity impacts arising from development projects.

  • Carbon Markets

    Carbon markets aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions cost-effectively by setting limits on emissions and enabling the trading of emission units.

  • Climate Credit Mechanisms

    Market mechanisms that enable entities, for which the cost of reducing emissions is high, to pay low-cost emitters for carbon credits that they can use towards meeting their emission-reduction obligations. An example is the Clean Development Mechanism.

  • Ecological Fiscal Transfers

    Integrating ecological services means making conservation indices (e.g. size/quality of protected areas) part of the fiscal allocation formula to reward investments in conservation.

  • Payments for Ecosystem Services

    Payments for ecosystem services (PES) occur when a beneficiary or user of an ecosystem service makes a direct or indirect payment to the provider of that service.

  • Taxes on Fuel

    The sale tax any individual or firm who purchases fuel for his/her automobile or home heating pays. Fuel taxes can reduce the consumption of fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions while generating public revenues.

  • Taxes on Pesticides and Chemical Fertilizers

    Taxes on certain pesticides and chemical fertilizers can mobilize fiscal revenues while mitigating the negative effects associated with pesticide/fertilizers application and promoting sustainable agriculture practices.

  • Taxes on Renewable Natural Capital (water; timber)

    Any fee, charge or tax charged on the extraction and/or use of renewable natural capital (e.g. timber or water).

  • Taxes on Tobacco

    Excise taxes on tobacco products can raise fiscal revenues, improve health and well-being, and address market failures.

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