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6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Where we are
HIV/AIDS and Malaria are not prevalent however, MDG 6 reporting is extended to include non-communicable diseases as this is regarded as the main health threat to people arising from their lifestyle choices. At the time of writing the MDG Report, data for indicators in target 8 of MDG 6 was not made available to enable proper analysis of the status quo. Read more in the Niue CPAP 2008-2012, pp 3-4.
Based on available data, the prevalence of HIV infection is classified as low. However, surveillance systems in the country may not yet be adequate to provide an accurate reflection of HIV prevalence. The presence of a number of risk factors such as the high incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), suggests that the country is susceptible to a rapidly escalating HIV epidemic. Read more in the Samoa CPAP 2008-2012, p 3.
Where we are globally
The incidence of HIV is declining steadily in most regions; but 2.5 million people are still newly infected each year.
- In 2011, 230,000 fewer children under age 15 were infected with HIV than in 2001.
- Eight million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV at the end of 2011.
- In the decade since 2000, 1.1 million deaths from malaria were averted.
- Treatment for tuberculosis has saved some 20 million lives between 1995 and 2011.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG6
- Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
- HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
- Condom use at last high-risk sex
- Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
- Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
- Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
- Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs