• 98%

    Youth Literacy (2011)

  • 16%

    Youth Unemployment (2011)

  • 6%

    Women in Parliament (2011)

  • 15.6%

    Infant Mortality Rate (2007-11)

  • 74.2

    Life expectancy - birth (2011)

  • 96%

    Improved drinking water - population (2010)

About Samoa

Introduction

Apolima Samoa
Apolima, one of the four inhabited islands in Samoa. Photo credit: UNDP Samoa MCO.

Samoa became a self-governing democratic country in 1962, when it became the first Pacific island to gain independence. 

 

It is located in the Polynesian archipelago and has been known as the cradle of the Polynesia due to its location in the vast Pacific Ocean. 

 

Politically, Samoa has established its government as a democratic representative state with the Prime Minister as its head. 

History


The Samoan people are believed to have migrated from South East Asia more than three thousand years ago. 

 

Early contact with the European navigators was established in the 18th century with the arrival of missionaries, notably the London Missionary Society in 1830. 

 

In the early 1900s, it became a German protectorate until New Zealand occupied it during the outbreak of World War I in 1914. 

 

From 1962 onwards, it was known as Western Samoa until 1997, when the "Western" was dropped, and it simply came to be known as (the Independent State of) Samoa.

Samoan_flag
Statistics for Samoa
Capital
Apia
Population
187,820
Area (in sq. km)
3,030
Area (in sq. mi)
1,170
Language(s)
Samoan, English
 
 

Sources:
STATISTICS: Secretariat of the Pacific Community - NMDI
INFORMATION: Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook