Low emission development strategies

Countries in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) have some of the most carbon intensive economies in the world. According to World Bank data, the region accounts for 12 percent of global green house gas emissions and 10 percent of the world’s energy demand, but only five percent of the world's gross domestic product (GDP). It remains the most energy-inefficient region both in consumption and production of energy.

The demand for energy is expected to rise in the period up to 2030, with fossil fuels expected to remain the most dominant source of energy. In this context, it is obvious that a transition to low-emission economies cannot be achieved through isolated efforts but only through concerted efforts at the national and regional level. 

The latest decisions from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) encourage developing countries to produce low-emission development strategies. The international community is supporting the strategies with both technological and financial support as well as helping countries build capacities to develop and implement the strategies.  

What we do

UNDP supports national partners in the region to develop low emission development strategies and nationally-appropriate mitigation actions. This includes:

  • Providing training on how to develop and implement low emission development strategies and nationally-appropriate mitigation actions (See: our step-by-step guide - in English and Russian)
  • Accessing and mobilizing financing to implement the strategies
  • Providing guidance to countries as they develop low emission strategies and nationally appropriate mitigation action plans.

Some results so far

In 2013, Albania started integrating low-emission development into its environment strategy and is identifying nationally-appropriate mitigation actions - two to be developed in 2014.

In 2013, Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted a low emission development strategy - as a part of its national adaptation and low-emission development strategy. The country also prepared nationally-appropriate mitigation actions - to be submitted to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) registry.

In May 2013, the Government of Croatia finalized its low emission development strategy.

In the beginning of 2011, the Government of Kazakhstan prepared the first national low-carbon development plan, and developed a plan for the country's energy sector, including nationally appropriate mitigation actions.

In 2013, the United Nations Mission in Kosovo developed a climate xhange atrategy, which includes a low-emission development atrategy.

Moldova adopted a voluntary target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and developed a low-carbon development strategy in 2010.

In 2013, fYR Macedonia started development of nationally appropriate mitigation actions for the city of Skopje and for the transport and energy sectors.

Turkey developed nationally appropriate mitigation actions for urban transport - to be submitted to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) registry.

Turkmenistan adopted a national climate change strategy covering both low-emission and climate resilient development. This was followed in 2013 by a detailed action plan that includes nationally-appropriate mitigation actions.

In 2012, Uzbekistan developed a low emission development strategy, which takes into account the impact of climate change on women. The country is also developing nationally appropriate mitigation actions.


Low-emission development strategies and mitigation actions