Crisis prevention & recovery

ship graveyard
Ship graveyard in Muynak

Development challenges in the region include conflict over identity (Balkans, Caucuses), conflict over resources (Caucuses, Central Asia) and issues of governance and the rule of law (region-wide). This, combined with a legacy of highly weaponized states and the prevalence of “gun culture” creates insecurity and people are often forced to fend for themselves.  

The region is also prone to natural and man-made disasters owing to geological and weather related hazards, as well as structural, economic, and social vulnerability. Disasters in the past 20 years have significantly impacted development in terms of fatalities and injuries, access to basic services, environmental damage and economic costs (as much as 20 percent of gross domestic product for major disasters, as was the case of flooding in Moldova in 2008). Throughout southern parts of the region, climate change also poses risks that require a response.

What we do

UNDP works with national and international partners to prevent, manage and recover from violence, conflict and natural disasters. This includes:

  • Making sure that institutions are prepared to prevent and respond to crises
  • Ensuring national plans address risk, and are tailored to prevent crisis
  • Supporting countries to manage crises when they occur
  • Supporting conflict prevention through national dialogue, local peace committees, and confidence-building activities
  • Placing women at the centre of peace efforts, as well as activities to reduce the risk of disasters
  • Strengthening security and justice institutions and governance processes
  • Helping to re-establish state authority in times of crisis and conflict
  • Anticipating and minimizing the effects of natural disasters
  • Reducing the risks associated with climate change

Some results so far

Following the 2010 revolution in Kyrgyzstan, the United Nations supported political and inter-ethnic confidence building measures and local peace committees. The country’s constitutional referendum and parliamentary elections took place peacefully the same year, although both were expected to be turbulent. Presidential elections in 2011 were also peaceful and Kyrgyzstan is the first democratic transition of power in Central Asia.

In Kosovo (UNSCR 1244), community safety centres provide frontline services (policing, local administration, risk information) to people in vulnerable and insecure situations in communities divided along ethnic and political lines. Legal aid clinics are also working to address the grievances of victims of sexual and inter-ethnic violence.

Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia and Tajikistan developed strategies to reduce the risk of natural disasters; and Armenia, Croatia, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Tajikistan and FYR Macedonia set up the systems necessary to coordinate the prevention and response to natural diasters.

Communities living in high risk areas in Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan and FYR Macedonia developed local plans to deal with the risk of earthquakes and climate change.